Allergies and anaphylaxis in dogs 2019

Allergies and anaphylaxis in dogs 2019


Hello, I’m Emma Hammett
from firstaidforpets.net. Today I’m going to talk to
you about allergies in dogs be it minor allergies or acute…. I can’t speak, or an acute
anaphylactic reaction, dogs can suffer the same as humans. So what happens with an allergic reaction is that your immune system
or their immune system reacts inappropriately to something it perceives as a threat that isn’t, and the body doesn’t actually react directly to the allergen. It reacts to the histamine
and other chemicals that are released by the cells damaged as a result of
this immune response. So I hope that made sense. So basically, the body
reacts to the histamine, and that’s why antihistamines can be really helpful
with minor reactions. So your vet may be able to
prescribe an antihistamine if your pet has hay fever
or if they’re allergic to, I don’t know, household
sprays or anything. Pets can be allergic to
pretty much anything. I mean some of the most common ones are things like seeds and stuff, bee and wasp stings are the obvious ones that they can react to, and all sorts of shampoos
and cleaning materials around and things. They can have anything
from minor skin reactions right through to serious reactions. Now with minor skin reactions, washing it in cool
water may well help them and may well relieve their symptoms, and if they are having
something like hay fever, as I said, an antihistamine
prescribed by your vet can help dramatically. Antihistamine takes
about 15 minutes to work. So it is not appropriate for
an acute anaphylactic reaction where you need veterinary help very fast. So for minor allergies, you might notice that they’re biting, they’re licking, they’re looking swollen. They may have red hives. They may start losing fur in the places where they are biting
and licking dramatically because it’s irritating them,
and they’ll be scratching too. In terms of an anaphylactic reaction, they may have all of the above, plus they have serious breathing problems and possibly some facial swelling. They would have a fast, pounding heart. They may have diarrhoea or vomiting. It can lead to put them in shock, it can lead to collapse,
and it can prove fatal. So recognising that that’s
an issue is so important, and they need to get to the vet, and the vet will give
them adrenaline quickly, and the key thing as well is to find out what your pet might be allergic
to, what makes them react, and avoid it if at all possible. I hope that’s helpful. That’s Emma Hammett from
firstaidforpets.net.

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