How to do the Primary Survey | First Aid | iHASCO

How to do the Primary Survey | First Aid | iHASCO


In a first-aid situation your priority is to quickly and calmly assess what’s happened and who needs help. You’re responsible for providing first aid to anyone who’s ill or injured at work. In this training we’ll be referring to this person as the casualty. You need to decide whether they need further medical assistance, including whether the emergency services are needed and you need to make sure that everyone else in the area is safe from danger and that includes you. Your initial assessment of
the area and casualty or primary survey is made up of five steps which you can
remember using DR. ABC. Which stands for danger response airway breathing and circulation. We’ll be covering these in this section.

Types of Burns – First Aid, Treatment & Burn Repair Surgery


My name is Ioannis Goutos, I’m a
consultant plastic surgeon and both my NHS and private practice is based in London. My areas of expertise include burn care, scar management as well as
body contouring if you would like to arrange a consultation please feel free
to get in touch. The most popular classification for burn
is the one that relates to the degree of damage to the dermis which is the second layer of the skin. A superficial partial thickness burn is typically blistered,
weepy and painful and most of those burns tend to heal within two weeks with
dressings. A deep partial thickness burn has a drier appearance is less weepy and
less painful given that more blood vessels and nerves have been destroyed
during the burn injury. A proportion of deep partial thickness burns will need
an operation in order to ensure prompt healing. Full thickness burns are the
most severe degrees that we find in clinical practice where the entirety of
the skin has been burned. They tend to have a dry, waxy, leathery appearance and
the overwhelming majority of them need to be treated with an operation apart from the very small ones. The administration of appropriate first
aid following a burn is of paramount importance in order to prevent further
damage within the wound and improve its healing potential. Most specialists would
recommend the following steps. A) Stop the burning process. B) Remove any loose
clothing and jewelry from the affected area. C) Cool the burn down by using
running water for 20 minutes whilst maintaining the rest of the body warm. D) Cover the wound with cling film or a clean cloth and E) Seek appropriate
medical attention. The healing time for burn injuries
depends on a number of factors including the extent, the depth, the location as
well as the underlying mechanism of injury If we look at superficial partial
thickness burns these tend to heal within two weeks and most of any in an
uneventful manner. If we look up deep partial thickness and full thickness
burns they will take longer than two weeks to heal and very frequently we
intervene with a skin graft procedure in order to ensure optimal healing. What we know from the latest research is that when it comes to burns healing every day
counts. In other words the quicker the burn heals the lower the risk for
unfavorable scarring this makes prompt assessment and management by a
specialist burns consultant imperative in order to achieve the best possible
outcome. Burns can be very traumatic experiences
leaving behind significant scarring. Surgery may be indicated in order to
optimize wound healing and contribute to a better scar quality. Burn repair
surgery can be divided into acute which is performed immediately after the burn
injury or reconstructive which aims to resurface existing scars. There are a variety of options that are
available when it comes to burn surgery. When we look at acute burn surgery one
of the commonest operation is a skin graft. This involves the transfer of healthy layers of the skin onto the clean burn
wound in order to speed up healing. Occasionally we use flops these are
units of tissue that are transferred from one place to the other
in order to cover defects. We’re also privileged to be able to use what we
call dermal templates in burn surgery these are collagen based sheets of
animal origin that can be placed onto the wound before a skin graft achieves
wound healing. There is also emerging technology involving spray skin cells
that are aimed to regenerate the epidermis which is the top layer of the
skin.

THE CAUSE OF ILLNESS explained by Hans Wilhelm

THE CAUSE OF ILLNESS explained by Hans Wilhelm


Hi. I’m Hans Wilhelm. Today I will speak about the cause of illness
from the spiritual perspective. I believe that a deeper understanding can
help us to embrace and advance the healing process. Let’s get right to it: We are all familiar with Newton’s third law
of motion, called the law of Cause and effect. We see it everywhere in our life – it also
includes illnesses. All illnesses are the effects of causes set
into motion earlier. For instance, lung cancer is often the effect
of a cause called smoking. Diabetes is often caused by a sugary and unhealthy
diet. Sunburn is the effect of the cause of excessive
sun exposure. And so on. We can clearly see that these illnesses were
caused by something that we ourselves have set into motion earlier in our life. Cause and effect. But what about illness where even the physician
doesn’t know from where it came and why we have it, like many forms of cancer and
so on. We cannot pinpoint it to anything specific
which we did wrong that may have caused this illness. If everything in our life happens for a purpose
are such illnesses then just bad luck? Our problem is that we usually think of ourselves
as too small, too limited. Many believe they only live this one single
life-time and therefore, they cannot look beyond their present short life span on Earth. But we are eternal beings and most of us have
lived many, many life times before. It is quite possible that in some of these
earlier life-times we have acted against the law of LOVE and created – what is generally
called “karma”. If we are unkind, unloving against another
person, against nature or against ourselves we are against our true nature, which is LOVE. The consequence is karma, or soul burden. It is stored in the large causal cosmic computer
and will eventually return to us so that we see our mistake and can feel how our thoughts,
words and actions have impacted others and ourselves. This is not a punishment. The law of karma is a tool for us to become
loving and kind again, by experiencing and understanding what we once have given to others
or to ourselves. We are always reaping what we have once sown. Therefore, we are always our own teacher and
we are 100% responsible for whatever happens to us. This also includes our illness. So, these illnesses where we cannot trace
the cause back in this life time can be karma from a previous existence. As simple as that. There are countless reports and books on this
subject by people who have explored past lives. Most famously the American sleeping prophet
Edgar Cayce who has given about 15.000 life readings for people all over the world. Edgar Cayce was able to access the Akashic
records and could read the person’s karmic history – including the causes of their
illness and he even suggested innovative healing methods at times. Let’s look at some famous examples from
his vast library: There is the case of a college professor who
had been born totally blind. In a previous life time he had lived in Persia
– which is now Iran – where he was a member of a barbaric tribe whose custom was to blind
its enemies with a red-hot iron rod. He was the one who did it and also enjoyed
it. That was the cause of his particular blindness. Naturally, blindness can have many other causes. Then there is the story of a forty-five-year-old
mother of three children who was stricken with polio. She subsequently lived in a wheelchair and
became completely dependent on others. The karmic cause was attributed to the entity’s
behavior in ancient Rome. She had been among the royalties and closely
associated with Nero’s persecution of the Christians. The reading said, – and I quote – “And the
entity laughed at those who were crippled in the arena and lo! that selfsame thing returned
to you.” End of quote. And then there is the case of a man of thirty-five
years who since infancy had suffered from a severe digestive disorder. He needed constantly to limit himself to certain
foods in certain combinations. The origin of his disability was attributed
by the Cayce reading to an incarnation at the court of Louis XIII of France where he
had a very serious weakness: It was extreme gluttony. It was something that he had even done in
a preceding life in Persia. In these two life times he had committed the
sin of excess against his body. These are just a few examples of how our thoughts,
words and actions in past lives can become the cause of an illness in our present life
time. But karma does not only apply to physical
illness. It can also be the reason for psychological
disorders, excessive behaviors and emotional problems. Let’s look at an example: The Cayce readings speak of an entity who
for karmic reasons was once taken prisoner by Hannibal and forced to row in the galleys
of the trade ships. He was cruelly treated by his colored overseers,
of whom one of them finally beat him to death. His hatred against the colored race persisted
for twenty-two centuries. In his most recent incarnation, the entity
was a farmer in Alabama. Throughout his long life he hated black people
with a fierce and unrelenting venom. At one time he even became the founder of
a Society for the Supremacy of the White Race. This is just a typical example of an attitudinal
carryover from one life time to another one – very much the same as karma. Can we now see that even strong emotional
patterns can have their origin in past lives? For instance, if we are an extrovert or introvert
is often shaped by past life experiences. The same applies to the cause of many phobias
which are often caused by horrific experiences in past lives. We can also see how intense wows, like “I
will never marry again!” can carry through into many future lifetimes where the soul
will always choose a solitary life-style. Edgar Cayce’s vast collection of life readings
are on record at the A.R.E. headquarters in Virginia Beach. They are a true treasure trove and have been
carefully studied by many experts, health care professionals, researchers, and scientist. The A.R.E. campus also includes a Health Center
that offers healing modalities suggested by Cayce. Since his ground-breaking work there have
been a number of past life regressionists like Helen Warmbach or Dolores Cannon and
countless others who have written many books confirming and expanding on the work pioneered
by Edgar Cayce. But can we now see how everything shifts once
we grasp that our life is not just this life time, but we have had many, many lifetimes
before? Even if it was centuries ago. What we then thought, said and did can dramatically
influence and change our life and our well-being of today. Only because we can’t remember our wrong-doings
from the past does not mean that they don’t have an effect on us – like an illness or
an emotional carryover. Before anybody now rushes to the next past-life
regressionist, let me assure you that there is no need to dig into our past. The energy of the day will show us exactly
what thoughts, words, and actions are out of balance with LOVE. I have explained it in greater detail in my
video “The Amazing Earth School”. If we are facing a strong re-occurring situation
over and over again, then let’s feel into it in a quiet time. Take a moment to meditate and see if something
from a past life comes to mind that could be about some karma. Most diseases are directly from the lifestyle
of this lifetime and if not corrected will continue to be burden to the soul. There is so much more on the topic of illness
that I will explain in separate videos. Most importantly I will speak about the healing
process from the spiritual perspective. In the meantime, if you wish to read more
about the amazing work of Edgar Cayce, you may be able to get a copy of “Many Mansions”
by Gina Cerminara. I assure you, it will make fascinating reading. And then there are also the books “Cause
and Development of all Illness” and “Reincarnation – Life’s Gift of Grace” by Gabriele. The last two books are on my recommended book
list on www.LIFEexplained.com Thank you so much. I am looking forward to seeing you in my next
video.

Hypnosis for Chronic Pain Relief | The Arrow Technique


yeah but he got bitten my chronic back
and neck issues do you feel like something right now
okay okay all right so back and neck issues and it’s okay if I touch you it’s
already done so that works are you gonna do and plus caramel television okay on a
scale of zero to ten where ten is horrific and sicko there’s no pain where
would you rate it right now said it okay that’s pretty solid and you’ve had this
checked out I’ve had doctors spanning decades being
unable to do much okay so so this is the the ethics question you know is this
pain at helping you in any way is there is a serving money purpose at this point
it sounds like you’ve been suffering long enough humility right but there’s
no reason in other words in a moment when this pain is gone that’s not gonna
be a problem for you it’s not helping or protecting you in any way that you need
that pain to still be there correct okay so that’s the obvious question need to
check out because pain is there for a reason but if he spent if this painted
I’m lingering for a long time for no good reason then then we’re just talking
it’s just another habituated pattern the body’s just not you said fired it and it
never stops firing it right and it’s not helping you anymore
yeah alright I think it taught me as much as it could okay so in a moment I’m
gonna ask to use your imagination I know you’ve been interested in hypnosis and
and hypnotherapy for a long time so hopefully you’ll find this interesting
and you know the deal you’re just gonna follow along and do your best to imagine
whatever it is I suggested is to you and we don’t have to do an induction for
this particular technique but I’m a hypnotist so we’re gonna do it at them
because otherwise it’s not official it’s better that way so in a moment we’re gonna do what’s
crazy is power like conduction cinema um so we’re gonna do I’m gonna lift your
hand and when I look at your hand I want you to close your eyes and push your
hand down you go put them back up it up close your eyes pushing here now this
open your eyes back up it’s all I’m gonna do that right okay here we go
ready now imagine this unlocking at the
shoulder locking at the elbow imagine this locking here at the wrist locking
the places at the elbow lots in the shoulder imagine this whole thing is
locking the place as if it’s hanging on a wire all by itself visualise imagine
see all the people that you love people that love you see their faces feel that
love right now and let yourself remind yourself of just how loved you really
are imagine drifting up out of your body as
if you’re leaving your body behind for just a brief moment imagine drifting up
and being able to look down at your bodies if you see yourself sitting there
in that chair imagine drifting even higher now as you’ve been drifting up
out of the roof of this building drifting up higher into the sky light as
a feather like a helium balloon drifting higher and higher
imagine drifting so high it’s as if you look down and you can see the entire
planet Earth down there below you the Blues of the ocean greens of the forests
the whites of the clouds and the snow-covered mountain top imagine that
entire beautiful planet right down there boy now imagine down below you see a
gigantic target like an archery target visualize are imagine the colored bands
and a bull’s-eye in the center now in that bullseye is all of the useless and
unnecessary pain that you were experiencing in a moment I’m gonna make
this down when I make that sound you’re gonna be shot fired like an arrow
through that target out the other side in just a split-second as you pass
through that target you’re going to experience that pain even more intensely
for a split second but be brave because this is the last time it’s ever going to
affect you so as you go through that target you are going to experience that
pain even more intensely for split second but be brave because this is the
last time it’s ever gonna affect you get ready now you’re out the other side just
floating drifting in a space of calm open awareness nothing bothers you
nothing affects you nothing disturbs you just imagine feeling that freedom like
floating there just a state of bliss now imagine drifting to the opposite side of
this room as if you get tripped over the opposite side of this room and you can
see yourself sitting in that chair you can see the clothes that you’re wearing
and if you watch yourself sitting in that chair notice every ounce of useless
and unnecessary pain is gone from your body gone from your mind you cannot feel
it you cannot experience it the more you try to remember what it felt like the
further away it goes so as you watch yourself sitting in that chair notice
every ounce useless unnecessary pain gone from your body gone from your mind
you cannot feel it you cannot experience it well you try to remember what it felt
like the further away it goes in a moment you’re gonna be able to drift
back over into your body sitting that chair only is quickly it’s your
unconscious mind makes all of the changes that need to be made for you to
feel freedom from that pain now and forever only as quickly as your
unconscious mind makes those changes at a molecular cellular neuron level that
allows you that freedom that freedom to be completely free of any and all of
that useless and unnecessary pain that you were experiencing and only when
those changes are made of the deepest most thorough levels where you be able
to drift back over into your body man that chair drop down into that body and
only then will your eyes be able to open and you will be unable to experience any
of that useless and unnecessary pain that you had had before and only then as
those changes are thoroughly made right now feel the changes
but in your mind and body now and only when those changes have thoroughly been
made will you be able to open your eyes and you’ll have a feeling of being
completely comfortable and free might even surprise yourself and only as those
changes are made at the deepest levels the most thorough levels the molecular
cellular neuron levels when that takes place and when that’s done thoroughly
you’ll be able to open your eyes and as those changes happen now that hand will
begin to come down all by itself as if it’s got a mind of its own to signal to
you that those changes are being made right now at the deepest levels to your
perfect satisfaction and as you come all the way back into the room now look at
me where does the pain gone now try to find
it finding you could not on a scale to zero to ten where’s the pain gone now
alright don’t try to feel it find that you cannot the more you try to feel it
the further away it goes where does the pain go now try to find it you’ll find
you cannot the more you try to feel it the further away it goes as the healing
will continue try to find it up push yourself see if you can get it never
where you were what was the number do you remember that number it used to be a
seven where we at now try to find it fun you cannot the more you try to feel it
the further away it goes it’s almost like just like a like bruise compared to
what it was you’ll never feel it or suffer from it
again that’d be alright somebody’s life changing when I had the
video camera tonight alright you were great good I’m glad you came I’m glad
you came excellent cool great job let’s hear it
for

TROPA GURIPA 4×13 ABRIENDO UN FIRST AID KIT AMERICANO (CARLISLE MODEL)

TROPA GURIPA 4×13 ABRIENDO UN FIRST AID KIT AMERICANO (CARLISLE MODEL)


Hi “guripas”! I’m about to open this time capsule. If you don’t know, it’s a very important item
of the American equipment in the WW2. Inside, soldiers
carried a first aid kit. Although the pouch is a reproduction inside I have an original kit. The Carlisle model. It took its name from
a military headquarters in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. There, a Medical Department Laboratory
was established by the army in the 20’s. What is inside? A bandage, compressed. It comes in a metal container and even it came
to be made of plastic. The objective was to protect
the bandage against chemicals and to ensure
that it remained sterile. Although it already
existed during the First World War, this container
was developed in 1940, WW2. More specifically this model
was manufactured between 1941 and 1943. We know this
because on the reverse it says that it contains
also an envelope of sulfanilamide. In fact, if you shake it
you’ll hear a noise like sugar. Well, the 1940 model
didn’t contain sulfanilamide. The later ones did. Another way to indicate it,
in addition to the text, was painting
the container in red-orange. As you see this item
after years in reenactment has chipped paint on the edges. Following introductions, let’s go! Let’s open it. I’m a little bit nervous. This is like opening a can. But a 75 years old can. There it goes. Here we go. That’s it! As I told you there is a bandage. As you can see I put on gloves
because it could happen that the sulfa envelope was damaged. Sulfonamides are a chemical
that kills bacteria. It’s not recommended to touch it
and much less to inhale it. So we encourage you
to do this with gloves. I’m also going to take this
to a recycling center in a pharmacy. Let’s continue. The envelope says
that it contains 5 gr of sulfa. It opens here. Let’s go with the bandage. Perfect. Here it is. It has instructions. In red letters. So, in case of an injury myself, or a partner will sprinkle
first the sulfa over wound. Then it’s time to apply the bandage. Remember that the red text
doesn’t go next to the wound. So let’s imagine that
my arm has a wound. We sprinkle the envelope
and then we apply the dressing. There are straps. Now you see them. So you can wrap the chest, head
or neck and tie the ends together. There were larger bandages but they didn’t fit in the container. It was something for medics. Towards the end of the war
a new bandage was created to camouflage
the white color so visible. Now it was darker. The container also changed. Instead of metal
the bandage came in a cardboard box in a plastic wrap that also
ensure that it remained sterile. That’s all. As I told you I will take this
to a recycling center in a pharmacy. I will close the container. To keep carrying it in reenactment. I keep the bandage out. It may be useful for a photoshoot
or to show what’s inside. The same with the envelope. And if you think I did wrong
because I damaged an original item you should know that
hundreds of thousands were produced. Nowadays there are still stocks. I have another one. They cost around 10 €
in any military collection shop. That’s all for today. I hope you liked
our first “unboxing”. If so, like and share. See you on next video. Dismissed!

Emotionally Unavailable Mother | healthcare, psychology & wellness w/Kati Morton | Kati Morton


Hey everybody! Happy thursday. Now today’s question comes from the website. You know, katimorton.com, where you go under videos and Q&A for videos or submit an idea And you can put your questions in there, and people answer them and I answer them Yeah that place. So the question today is ‘”One topic I’d love for you to discuss on your channel someday is recovering from an emotionally abusive, emotionally unavailable, or generally ‘mean’ mother. How do we heal from the hurt of not having a “‘good enough'” mother? As adults, how do we fulfill that longing to be held and hugged most importantly, feel fully accepted, understood, and comforted?” And I really wanted to talk about this because this is something that comes up in my practice a lot and honestly, comes up online a lot. Many of my viewers, many of you have spoken to me about how you grew up without a mother that was either available, maybe she worked too much maybe she just wasn’t like a lovey-dovey mom like you needed Or, you were told that it wasn’t ok to cry or to feel anything, and so we slowly as children start shutting down and disconnecting from those emotions And so today, I want to talk with you about that But I want you to stay tuned until the end because I’m trying something new I asked you on twitter or facebook if you had any other questions about this topic and I’m gonna pull one of those and answer it at the end of the video, so make sure you stay tuned for that. Before I even get into this topic I want to recommend that I’ve used in my practice multiple times and even with some of you, you’ve told me about this book and how much it helped and that is, I don’t know if you can see it but it says “The Emotionally Absent Mother” And I think I’ve mentioned this before and I wish it had like, a nicer title and didn’t look quite so sad But it is extremely helpful And I can’t tell you how amazing this has been for so many of my clients and so many of you Because the truth about healing from an emotionally absent mother Is that is has so much to do with attachment an attachment is something that is so vitally important because it tells us, as children that we have a safe foundation. Almost like, it is really safe for us to go out in the world and to try things that we either do well or not and know that it’s ok because we have this foundation We have this base, this I like to think of it like a safe harbour like we can always come back to our safe harbour bring our boat in and we can relax knowing that people are there to support us and they’re behind us And when we don’t have that safe attachment It can lead to a lot of different things. I’m just gonna name a couple But the book is amazing! If you’re struggling with this, please purchase this! and read it, and work with your therapist on it. It has amazing tools and techniques and things in there that are easily usable and things that you can do in your daily life But when we don’t have a safe attachment, it can lead to us struggling to manage any emotion Every emotion can feel really scary because when we were children we were told that it wasn’t ok and it wasn’t something that was comforted, like feeling sad, it wasn’t something that our mother was like “It’ll be ok, don’t worry” We never got that. And so we feel like those emotions are scary and overwhelming and no one is there to soothe us. It can also make it difficult for us to have empathy in others because if we aren’t ok expressing ourselves, when we see someone else expressing it, we thing” eeeh woah woah woah” I don’t think thats quite ok and it can make us really uncomfortable Also it can cause us to struggle in relationships we can struggle to let people close to us, because it can feel really unsafe and uncomfortable And also, it can make us really uncomfortable with anything that’s emotionally driven. If someone is really emotional towards us we’re uncomfortable, Everything that we feel and every emotion that we go through in a day can be really uncomfortable and so you can see how this can hinder us in so many ways. Along with understanding what not having a good enough mother can do to us, I think it’s also important to note how we heal from it Because that’s really the question, and that’s what I get more excited about Is how can we get better? But I do believe that understanding where it comes from, and how it can affect us, is really pivotal in our recovery from it. I do think it’s really, really important for you to take time reading through the first few chapters of this because understanding how not having an emotionally available, or a “good enough” mother Affected you I think that’s really important but also now, moving forward and the question at hand is: How do we heal from it? What can we do? And that’s why I love this book so much because it starts out telling us what it may what symptoms we may have because of it. and the later, gets into what things we can do to help heal and a lot of that work comes, like, from the “child voice” and I know you’re thinking, “What the hell does that mean, Kati?” But often, when we grow up without an emotionally available mom We don’t feel like we have a voice as a child We often snuff out all of the emotions, all of the experiences and we just don’t feel safe expressing it And so part of the work that I do with my clients in my practice is having them express from that child voice all the things they maybe wanted to say when they were growing up and felt that they couldn’t. I know that can be very awkward in session sometimes But something that has helped a lot of my clients is writing it down, or typing it out and bringing it in to session later and it can be a letter from your child-like self to your adult self. All the things maybe that were really hurtful and that happend all the feeling you have about it and really just letting that child be a child and letting it throw a tantrum letting it vent I know this can sound really crazy but often when we grow up without an emotionally available mom We don’t feel that it’s safe to do that and having a safe space like the therapy setting to do it can be so incredibly healing. There are also techniques for self-soothing and that’s something that I think a lot of people who didn’t have an emotionally available mother struggle with beause we didn’t get any of those rubs on the back, and “It’ll be ok” and “I’m here for you” and “I believe in you!” We didn’t get any of that softness and that mothering that we so very much desired and so what I have a lot of my clients do is practice what I call “good mother messages” and I’m taking it directly from this book and these “good mother messages” are things that you wish you could have heard from your mom It could be “I love you no matter what” it could be “You’re so amazing, and I’m always here for you.” It could be any number of messages and they even give examples in the book Which is what I love because sometimes, when I’m saying this to clients they’re like: “I don’t know what that means, good mother message?” Because, we didn’t have it. So how can we just, pull it out of thin air? And so it can help to kind of think of things that maybe we really wanted to hear and reading about it can really help spark those ideas. so I have my clients tell themselves these good mother messages while doing something caring for themselves this could be, you know, rubbing your own feet this could be taking a bath it could be just relaxing, put it on your cozy pjs and watching your favorite movie. Could be any of those things that are kind of part of the self care realm, right? we’re doing things that feel good to us at the same time we’re starting to re-mother ourselves and I know that sounds kind of creepy and odd and it’s hard to put it all together but what we have to do is we have to heal that child and we have to talk to that child in us that didn’t get all the things i’m talking about and so it’s really important that even if we don’t believe them at the beginning we continue to tell ourselves these good mother messages And one of the last techniques that I’m gonna talk about today but like I said there’s so much more about this that I, this is just like the tip of the iceberg if you want me to do more in-depth videos about different parts of this let me know and give us a thumbs up but the last thing that I would encourage you to do if you’re struggling with this is to build up your support who are your people that you know love you unconditionally? who are friends that have been there for a really long time? we may not have these people yet but we but we can start to build them maybe that’s getting the therapist can help support and you know you have regular touch bases with I would recommend that you see an attachment based or trauma therapist because that is such a part of this and it can make it so much more healthy for you to count on a therapist and they know all the techniques and tools to make sure that it’s done healthfully but those are just some of the things that I would encourage you to do and i know this is really hard like I said, there’s so much more to get into when it comes to this I worked on this book a lot with my clients and I know many of you have worked on it. There’s so much to talk about so like I said if you want me to do more and get more in-depth let me know in the comments and give us a thumbs up. like I said remember the beginning I said stay tuned to the end I’m going to answer some of your questions on Facebook and Twitter well let’s do just that so on facebook one of the questions is: “what do you do if your mom acknowledges that she ” Could have done better” but when you start talking about your gripes about her parenting she becomes defensive.” Now, a lot of the work when we’re healing from an emotionally absent mother has to be done on our end because the truth about it is that a mom is always going to be defensive about her parenting and someone who is emotionally absent usually has their own ish going on that they need to workout and truthfully, has nothing to do with you so I would encourage you to not work on the relationship with your mom directly, work on your relationship with yourself because that’s how we learn to re-mother ourselves and slowly start healing from this. Another question is: “How about a mother who is too emotional? My psychologist that it’s like my mother- i’m my mother’s personal therapist. Obviously ,that’s a bad thing right? This can go both ways, even a mother being too emotional expressing too much to you means that there was no time for you to express things to her hence she’s still emotionally absent to you and that’s really where the work comes in and it’s very similar and I know it can feel very different but you having to be a parentified child, that’s what we call it in the therapy world, when you have to act older than you were and like, parent your own parent we still need to learn how to re-mother ourselves now i’m hopping over to Twitter on Twitter one of the questions is: “My mom knows she’s an unfit mother but she won’t let me stay with another family member because she doesn’t want me to be happy.Why?” Like I said before, often mothers that were emotionally absent have a lot of their own problems. They may have had trauma in their life. Often they came from an emotionally absent mother as well and truthfully, imagine what it’s like for them because if they can’t be emotionally available to their own child chances are they don’t have any healthy, close relationships that they can count on therefore, by your mom saying this, she’s kind of forcing you to be her only support and I would encourage you to set healthy boundaries and know that you get to choose where you go and what, where you stay and what you do and then you get to work on the whole process of re-mothering yourself Another question on Twitter says: “Is it considered emotionally absent when she wants me to open up to her but then ends up devaluating my problems on her own?” I would call an emotional abuse and It could definitely be part of this but you can check out, i’ll put in the description my link to my emotional abuse video because her asking for you to express things and then devaluing it is really part of emotional abuse. Next question, we got a couple more says: Is it normal to find another mother figure who you feel very attracted to, maybe an older friend, family, friends etc. It’s very common and like i said i can’t recommend this book enough because it really helps you recognize where that attachment comes from and work to heal it because when we are so attracted to other people and trying to fill that mom void it can honestly be unhealthy and so it’s important that it’s done slowly. I think family, friends and close friends are really great but making sure at the same time that you’re still learning to re-mother yourself and healing the wounds and because no matter who we try to stuff in there what that whole really represents is the mom that we wish we had. Next question: Is it healthy to just give up on ever having a good relationship with an emotionally absent parent? The truth is yes, if they are not healthy for us I would compare it to kind of like a toxic family member or toxic person in your life if it’s not good and they’re not working on it and they’re not trying to help you then it’s completely ok to not try to have a relationship with them if it benefits you none it’s okay to not do that and to even cut them off because often people who are emotionally absent don’t recognize their faults and will continue to do it over and over Last two questions, this question says: “Does that gap have to be filled or can’t just stay that way? if so how would one fill it and not let it affect the rest?” The gap cannot stay there for us to be healthy if we leave that gap in ourselves where a good mother would have been we will find ourselves attaching unhelpfully to people in our lives that can really harm us and often will get in really unhealthy relationships as a way to try to cultivate the love and care that we wanted for so long and so the truth is that it may not need to be filled with another person but we’re going to need to learn how to heal that stitch up that wound give it time so that we don’t need to fill it with someone else. And the final question: “Can emotionally absent parents influence/damage our own future relationships? I try to be the opposite.” It definitely can but if we work on ourselves and if we do some of the tools and the tips and tricks that are in this book and that I’ve mentioned in this video we can heal from it and grow from it and not do the same thing again. They find that a lot of people who come from emotionally absent parents will try to do it again themselves if they’re not aware of it and they don’t do things to try to heal and to re-mother themselves so that you have complete control over this. I know it’s really hard work, therapy is really hard, but using some of these tools and doing some of these things can help us begin to heal that wound and know that we can move forward without feeling like there’s a void or it having an effect on any of our future relationships. A lot of the answers and tips and tricks that I offer in this video, like I said, come from this amazing book and you can find it under my amazon list that I have on my website so hop over there and check it out i’ll put a link in the description so you can get so you can get over there easier but know that I will keep following up on this I know it’s a really important topic Thank you so much for asking your questions! I love you all! Have a wonderful day, And I will see you next time. Bye!

SOUTH PARK THE FRACTURED BUT WHOLE Gameplay PL PREMIERA (Napisy PL)

SOUTH PARK THE FRACTURED BUT WHOLE Gameplay PL PREMIERA (Napisy PL)


what has become of this city there used
to be laws justice not anymore crime is out of control cats are missing
and townspeople are being victimized we were supposed to protect those who
couldn’t protect themselves let’s get off my car you little fucker
now superheroes are torn apart by political differences we are two sides
at war but war isn’t going to save our city
time travel is my only hope now myths tell of ancient times when a new king
United a kingdom torn apart by a powerful stick hi hon Shannon there’s no
time to waste I have to go back change the present if I can and find this cat
and in doing so perhaps I can change what has happened to all of us still eight takes taking Cooper King
Dennis they got the bait you got to stop him their armor is too strong they’re
wearing bicycle helmets where is the king we should be happy that he’s made
friends in this town so quickly we came here to hide more friends just means
more trouble you’re being paranoid you need to lay off that stuff it’s changing
you Oh lay off it’s the one thing that helps me relax from your stupid shit oh
hey whippersnapper didn’t see you there and your friends are downstairs kiddo
get out there and play yeah Hey look you brought a tail hey man I’m tally your
gaming bud I’m gonna give you some tips from time to time because well who
doesn’t like tips right all right then I’ll see you later my lord the filthy Marsh are attempting
to overtake Koopa keep you then have Batman these who our only hope my lord
come on dude what you just moved to town and you get
to be king well I think you’re a little pussy I’m not afraid of you and your strategic
king combos okay really get him this dad oh we can’t stop him
ready the guards of the dark court wow did you see that
the Kings amazing these fellows are unparalleled you can’t take us all on
yeah just walk away I suppose go first you go first you show
up King oh the humanity it’s fine you can’t keep the Moors down but your kings too powerful the Moors
will triumph I can’t shut off your puny glows little we’ve got to keep inside Karma’s
house stand aside or die we’re going through
that door you can’t oh yeah why not because
everything and funny here is lava oh dude no way
all that is lava yeah everything from here to here is lava you can’t cut it
shit come on let’s get inside we can’t they’re seeing everything at further
towards lava oh that’s not fair that’s the dragon roaring it’s pissed
man he’s still not dead don’t add your turn where it’s gonna hit
you damnit okay if you get a fire breath
attack our King gets his hammer of heavenly grain stay out of the street
damn kids oh my god he defeated the dragon no
frickin way that kids amazing maybe there’s a way in through the
garage my lord if there’s a way in through the garage
the king will find it yes only the Kings can find these secret way in through the
garage yeah King douchebag of surgery skillful warrior did you see how he
moved that letter and you’ll get to clan up he truly is the most powerful King in
all the realms speak Bard what happened to the stick of truth the wizard had it
thrown into the ocean lies you shall feel the wrath of a Moorish unhand him
you heathens release the bard oh you’ll have a king to deal with a king they say
he can slay a dragon with one blow that’s right
and if you don’t wait wait whoa where is the wizard I thought he was with you
guys now we got a distress they know to come help him here the wizard is gone
my name is the king I’m from the future dude we said we’re not playing God
anymore yeah we’re all split up what’s the point
this is the point in my time there is a massive crime wave and missing cats
I knew my only hope was to assemble the team hey you can’t switch games like
this where’s the stick of truth shut up Kevin this isn’t about some dumb stick
there’s a cat in trouble and it’s the key to finding the crime syndicate new
to our town in the future crime syndicate that that sounds too heavy for
Coon and friends well what do you want Clyde you want the fucking freedom pals
to find the missing cat get the hundred dollar reward and make their superhero
franchise more popular fuck the freedom house dude that’s right poopsykins
there’s a loud ringing coming from your basement playroom the Coon alert come on
Coon friends go get your stuff and report back to the cooler in the future
Coon and friends this symbol sorry guys you can’t play with us we’re playing
superheroes now and you guys are dorks oh hello the boys are down in their
little basement playroom oh did you get locked out
I’m afraid little Eric put a lock on the door to keep me out I’m sure he has the
passcode written down here somewhere it’s important yes officer somebody
appears to put lava in front of my door what no it’s not hot but my son told me
I will burn to death if I try and cross it uh-huh
oh yes he did tell me that if I step on a crack it would break my mother’s back
fuck it won’t you mom see if the waitress does know anything that’s not
enough mosquito we have to act fast before the freedom piles can a hundred
dollar reward do you know what that could mean to our superhero franchise
that cat looks pretty old maybe just died in the gutter somewhere
human kite do I have to remind you that as of right now freedom pals have a
hundred followers on Instagram we have six the five of us and Billy Turner
who’s a ginger this is the key to finally beating those fuckers but where
do we start looking that cat could be anyway
we need to split up mosquito take to the air and check out all the city parks you
got it mosquito away human kite see if the cat is stuck up a
tree somewhere you’ve got the storm drain super Craig Craig Fastpass I need
you to use your superhuman speed to get to the mayor’s office and tell her we’re
on the case don’t worry Coon you can count on
sickbed pace to get death excuse me super quick super Craig this
is Kim do you copy super Craig the fuck are you I repeat
the fuck are you super Craig oh wait now the security system isn’t working dude
what the fuck ordinary citizens aren’t allowed in the
Koon there we’re playing superheroes now and you aren’t a superhero new kids so
fuck off okay all right look you can watch us play superheroes as long as you
don’t get in the way make yourself useful go grab me the staff Ernest e
device it’s over there well that took long enough
it’s the furnace II device active you really want to be a superhero huh
play with the big boys well maybe maybe you can be useful have a seat at the
table douchebag let’s see mosquitoes a B else Jesus
Christ are these even in a human language alright in order to play
superheroes you have to have a superhero persona then you can fill out your
character sheet on Kunta Graham do you have a coaster Graham Paige yeah boy
you’re not even on Q Instagram have well I guess I can create one for you so the
first thing we need to fill out on your character sheet is your class you know
what kind of super speedster since you’re a newbie you can only choose
between three for now brutalist blaster blaster you
brutalist blaster a blaster with raised powers like cyclops okay douchebag but now we need to find
out what terrible thing in your past drives you you see douche all
superheroes have a compelling backstory it’s from that backstory that their
powers gained meaning let’s take you back to when you were just a child you
lay awake that night like so many other nights you couldn’t sleep because you
knew you weren’t like the other kids you walked to the mirror you walk looked in
the mirror and you felt alone and that’s when it happened a loud noise you swore
you could hear your mother calling for help you left your room out in the hallway
you saw two intruders in front of your parents door you had to stop them from
hurting your parents you knew you had the power to stop them so for the first
time you called upon your blaster powers as a blazing blaster hero you began to
overheat as the fire in your belly ignited you wasted no time delivering
sick burns into the villains before you you fried the bad guy as the flames cleared the intruders
realized what they were up against shit this little flame er means business
didn’t your mom tell you not to play with fire the intruders moved in to
attack you’ve left us no choice kid with the enemies closing in you gave
yourself some space by knocking your foes back but the intruders wouldn’t take getting
pushed around laggy hey you can’t push us around like that little did they know they set themselves
up for destruction I’ll just get out of the way his comrade fallen the extra
ugly one closed in not so hot now your little flamer yeah
we showed him you were gravely injured but the intruders blows only awakened
the fires that burned within you you swallowed the pain and Unleashed your
ultimate attack and so you beat them all seem to be okay but then you finally
reached your parents door and what you saw when you open that door changed your
life forever and led you to fighting crime you were too late because when you
open that door you saw you saw your dad fuck your man Wow that’s a pretty heavy
backstory you fight crime because you never forgot the night you weren’t in
time and you saw your own father the man you trusted fuck your mom it’s like a
ripple in time you can’t ever change isn’t it
alright now that you’re a superhero I have a mission for you I need you to go
out into town and try to get as many followers as you can on currency Graham
it’s the only way our franchise will survive okay I guess you’re popular enough to
selfie with your friends now I guess nuke it looks like you’ve reached the
edge of our known universe beyond there lies the limits of time and space well I guess we have enough Mutual’s
that we can selfie not bad but huh you’re gaining followers pretty fast
keep up the good work I’m still having trouble reaching some of the Coon
friends you might want to see what’s going on I see you’ve made it to the
palace of the clouds that’s home based a human kite perhaps
you can find him inside who the hell are you really you said a newbie to my
distress call you’re such a dick Coon sorry kid but my
problem is too big for a rookie a few days ago there was an anomaly in the
universe another version of me the human kite from an alternate dimension showed
up here and it’s destroying everything right now is upstairs in my room I don’t
think anything can stop it human kite from another universe is
behind this door I can’t fight him for obvious reasons you know alternative
universe paradox shit so you are going to have to take him out you’ve got to
really kick his ass dude so that he wants to return back to his
universe on the East Coast you ready all right go get him oh hey Kyle I’m big who’s your friend did he come to play
with us alright maybe from another universe
it’s time for you to go back to your universe what do you mean Kyle we’re a
team remember I’m not from another universe we’re like best super pals as
you can see he is the one running around giving to him a kind of bad name he was
sent here to destroy me and weaken my powers no no I came to spend two weeks
with my cousin and wanted to play superheroes and then he said okay what
super hair do you want to be and I said I want to be humankind but he said you
can’t be a human kite I’m here me kite and I said well why can’t we be human
kites together so I went to an scheana and I said I want to be human case
together and she told him he had to do what I said because I was the guest
remember I’m sorry me from another universe but it is time for you to learn
that playing superheroes is too painful new kid you must now destroy my alter
ego how Jesus we’re gonna fight that’s right if you really want to play then
this is how you do it well alright anything to make me and my
cousin more like prepared for battle weakly I haven’t done a whole lot of
sparring it’s a no contacting full-contact
not sparring oh I’m afraid that’s impossible I didn’t bring my pants it’s
happening get a new kid cousin Kyle we can beat him if we join forces yeah I’m getting a little tingle in my throat
does anyone have a lozenge oh my there’s a lot of decisions in this
game I care you should not play that’s a decision you say oh don’t be silly
oh you guys timeout my vertigo is starting to act up Jesus come on Jesus okay I think my inner ear fluids have
stabilized now that last hit didn’t count right I’m undoing that damage okay
Kyle you set some classic alternate universe bullshit did your parents tell
you not to play with fire because look what’s happening now
snow god I need a timeout so I can use my inhaler cousin Caillou I called the
timeout and you didn’t dick in you know my eggs my flares up when I exert myself
yeah I think this would be a lot more fair if I had a shield some kind of
shield like a they’d like to stay for Torah which also has a great sentimental
value dude human kite is an alien there’s no
Jewish stuff involved and you can’t just make up powers in the middle of a battle
I’m not making it up it’s totally canon in my alternate universe have hydrocortisone cream preferably
prescription-strength wait I thought I should get this turn instead of the new
kid because he didn’t wait when I said timeout earlier so I think it should be
my turn now are you kidding me that’s totally cheating that wasn’t too hard
right I don’t want to cause any permanent
damage be careful please I have a number of existing ailments that I don’t want
to exacerbate alright here we go my super ultimate power get ready are you
ready oh Jesus okay Rath kite from an alternate universe oh Jesus I think I
might have ruptured my hernia you had enough alternate me yeah this superhero
stuff really hurts I better go back to my University oh you’re leaving dude
that sucks yeah I’ll be going back to my University now human cage I need some
came to Phoenix for my ear because I got a scrape on it they’re being farted on
dude I don’t know how to thank you from now on calling me whenever you need help look at but Lord those are sixth graders
they’re the most vile evil beings known to superheroes you guys are stupid
everyone knows Kieffer’s mom has the nice sixth graders are way too powerful
for you rookie just keep walking don’t even look at them Hey look at the
stupid little for theme you better get lost dork when I finished kicking your butt I’m
gonna kick your spaceship frog’s butt guys got your back from the sky oops
justice please don’t die new kid the tables are hurting
shut up for the– okay who’s the next target of my unbridled rage oh so Kraus sixth graders are the most unhygienic
kids on the planet you don’t even want to know what they do with their tails sorry guys got a lot to consider here wow you’re so brave if nothing else beating on oh I’m up
okay it’s given too late to talk this out
shut up loose the bully has become the bullied I’m
still the bully it’s my turn now Twitter have your boyfriend massage that
for you don’t worry your eyebrows should grow
back eventually wow you really beat him you saved me Wow nice work new kid you took down a
sixth grader keep it up you really want a selfie with me why don’t you defeat that sixth grader
with so cool maybe I can become as strong as you one day the world needs
more champions like you new kid a bully of the bullies greetings citizen it is I super Craig
I’m sorry but I cannot assist anyone with their problems right now
super Craig can’t fight his kitty pig go tell the coud that I’m not playing until
I find stripe he’s not just a normal guinea pig he
belongs to me and my ex-boyfriend that’s right super Craig is gay
I’ll bet stripe is down in the basement again we should start in the basement
that’s the last place I saw I’ll stand by the stairs that keep him
from escaping you do the rest butthole be careful this is probably the most
challenging mission you’ve ever been give it oh look there he is in the vet
way up high again follow that guinea pig you just
snap that box like it was nothing ah basics quick hit that box with your
thing hit that thing this is so not a waste of your time I can’t believe you just did that you’re
so good at this move that thing out of the way all right do your thing or he won’t come
out until he gets hungry Wow that looks like it requires so much
skill use the power of your ass over with yes stripe a brilliant rescue but it
wasn’t just me we have but Lord and it’s sickening asshole to think you did it
newbie if you ever need help you can count on super Craig oh yes who wouldn’t want a selfie with
the Craig of Steel oh good we’re done a super Craig without a stripe is like a
super girl without a bicycle new kid hey there oh you wanted Craig’s friends you
looking for Craig me let’s just say I’m an art collector specializing in a
delightfully modern and extremely confusing Asian art form known as yaoi
crazy right but this stuff is worth a fortune to the right buyer if in your
adventures you find any of these bring them to me I will reward you handsomely
come back with any new pieces you find not bad new kid not bad way to go out
and get some followers on Instagram I think you’re ready for the next level
head back to the coon lair King asked stop new kid stop you see all
those little red Lego bricks that’s lava you try and cross lava you
die don’t even touch it wait this doesn’t make sense who would
put lava there that’s right Coon I have strategically placed lava throughout the
town I can’t make it too easy for you what good is a world without a little
cash okay now we’ll deal with chaos when the time is right for now we have to
keep our eye on the prize Coon now watch this bro Wow there you are but
huh being a superhero is a little harder than you thought huh it’s okay you
totally suck but I can’t help but feel sorry for you
because your dad fucked your mom and you’re a child come this way
I’m gonna teach you about artifacts you see most superheroes augment their
abilities with specialized equipment you see this it’s a strength artifact you’ll
find things like these all over town the trick is to equip them into your out of
fact sluts go on give it a shot every artifact has a specific place it can be
slotted on your body equip this one to boost your strength stats it might be a little uncomfortable at
first your DNA is fusing with it mean you’ll find more out of facts out there
during your superhero adventures and you can even craft your own just remember
with great power comes great chicks and money I think you’re ready to take on
those sixth graders now go give them hell
but lord oh hey new kid you found your first fast travel station look for more
they’ll make your life raised okay that was pretty badass
we make a good team Oh Vigo is sweet wait until it gets on the internet about
how the couny friends beat up for sixth graders this is great for our franchise
kind of sucks for you though new kid cuz now the six graders are gonna be coming
after you you probably should have done that that was pretty stupid
okay now go and get our franchise more followers whoa wait a minute you didn’t fill out
your kryptonite so what you’re invincible there’s no way that’s against
the rules you have to have a weakness go find mosquito he can help you out
I’ll put the rest of the character sheet step on your maps now get out there and
do some superhero missions that’s the only way to fill out your charity sheet welcome to Freeman’s tacos if there’s
anything I can interest you in well you just let me know star of stage and
screen Morgan Freeman is not prepared to take a selfie with you at this time Freeman’s tacos is completely craft your
own you know what crafting is don’t you just open up that crafting menu and we
can get started you can combine food items into whatever
you like let’s start with a staple the burrito a warm tortilla wrapped around
well any old something here I’ll give you what you need to get started this
here shows now did you now this requires a first taste of crafting let’s dig in
you can combine food items into whatever you like and go ahead see what happens
if you combine a burrito and an enchilada congratulations new kid with
an enchilada and a burrito you’ve crafted an injury dough it’s the first
time anyone’s ever done that and what the hell have a few more recipes they
might just save your stupid ass on just one more thing they say that some farts
are so powerful they can actually bend the fabric of time you be careful out
there that’s raisins new kid mosquito must be
inside get in there but do not be tempted by their amazing wings and hot
bitches hi welcome to raisins just one of you
today welcome right over here cutie one of our raisins girls will be right
with you isn’t he just the cutest thing he sure can’t eat a lot of wings yeah so
so then I flew it to the sky and I beat up all the bad guys well I need no
mosquitoes can be so tough yeah well ever heard of the Zika virus
another plate of wings cutie sure just put it on my tab
big spender hey beat it kid these are my women what superhero are you me oh my
god the bishop by fellow superheroes I’ve
completely forgotten back away temptresses mosquito knows what you were
trying to do what are you talking about kid raisins girls are mosquitos
kryptonite you gotta get me out of here well okay then here’s your bill ha ha I
think not you tried to charm me I will not pay this bill you have to leave it
in pathway they aren’t going to let us go without a fight kid let’s do this you’re making a big mistake messing with
Kenan fans welcome to the team you’re gonna need a
total makeover we need to punch some sense back into
mosquitoes I feel so tingly Oh go find your own soulmates let’s mess with some physics polyMet shorter way that’s a good way to
move like you give a fuck prepared to be swarmed I’m all revved up and ready I wanted to order a Lebanese I guess it’s
too late come on this is our chance huh those witches are my kryptonite and
you must have saved me just in time I’m forever in your debt
but hero what is your kryptonite dude you can’t be a superhero without
something that you’re powerless against any particular Phobos any emotional
hang-ups I mean come on there’s got to be something look it’s okay I’m on your
team but kid you can tell me all right all right let me see your character
sheep tastes like crab it look like people
want to overthrow mankind those guys night job done your kryptonite is
officially noted you know Biscay don’t mess me up call on me if you should need
me Coon friends oh hi you’re the new kid right oh great
thanks for coming have a seat as your counselor you can talk to me about
anything okay you understand you want to talk about sex mm-hmm okay see I’m
highly trained in them sex issues you can you don’t have to be afraid
okay new kids it’s really simple when uh when you want to talk about your sex you
simply you can start by simply saying you know I’m a boy or a girl or other boy right exactly you got it now new kid
this might get confusing but listen close okay if you were born a boy that’s
called being a cisgender boy okay or sis for short but well you you might have
transitioned into being a boy you see what I mean if you were not born a boy
but now a identifies one well that’s called being transgendered okay or trans
for short oh good so um do you identify as being
cisgendered or transgendered okay can you just hang on a minute I
need to call your parents to just take a second hello this is mr. Macky the
school counselor yeah uh I have your child here in my office and well he’s
just let me know that he’s cisgender that means he identifies with the sex he
was assigned at birth no you knew that okay well no no it’sit’s fun I just
wanted to make sure that you knew he had other options you know you know you
don’t always have to go with the first hand you’re dealt okay yeah no that’s
that’s great that’s great to know I think I can really maybe be of help
from here on out on thank you very much okay bye-bye now
okay well I’m really glad we had this talk as a cisgendered male myself I know
how hard it can be out there for a boy who chooses to love someone of the
opposite sex just remember love is love even if
you’re a guy who happens to like titties well hello new child I haven’t seen you
before but you come at a crucial time South Park is sliding into moral decline
someone’s stealing our cats they’re tp’ing houses okay maybe it’s not full
on Armageddon yet but we do need a hero not to make the hard sell but do you see
yourself as a good person well I can understand the confusion
but there comes a time when we need to choose our path will you find Jesus and
take the righteous path or maybe you’ll walk the middle way let’s not talk about
the third alternative I’m hoping you’re part of the solution not the problem take the first step my child by entering
this meditative chamber which will allow you to confront your deepest fears
face your fears new child face your fears your dad fucked your mom your
grade of the dark snakes the color blue oh hey I am in your imagination just a
friendly Catholic priest who would like to get to know you a little better hmm
yeah that’s right I’m totally in your imagination too about to give you a
shoulder rub never imagined you’d feel something like this let me adjust the
lighting in here a bit so we can get some visuals with that huh I guess this
one likes it rough no complaints here you if someone doesn’t do something quick
I’m gonna start tickling kids I’ve got God’s luckier Who am I gonna
give it to good hide-and-seek huh do I get a kiss if I find you that priest
likes kids aha don’t you wanna go to heaven with me almost ready to cover you in God’s love all of God’s children are deserving of
his love so just hold still don’t be shy there’s no reason to hide Oh My gods graces totally filling me rook don’t you want to go to heaven with
me god damn it I can’t put a child in a
dark room for two minutes without you bastards showing up where you’re
definitely going to hell now get out of here that’s not what the Queen spider
says I’ll go say ten mil Harry’s well gosh I feel just awful about all that
tell you what a rabbi friend gave me this macaroni picture in times of
trouble and tribulation use it to call upon the prophet Moses good luck on your
spiritual journey my child and you kid come take a seat all right well how’s it going out there okay good talk but listen I think you
show some potential and I’m gonna upgrade you to somebody’s sidekick or
something congratulations I just maybe wanted to talk about your
superhero character a little bit um your character sucks
to be honest and I think I’m gonna let you do a class let’s pick another
ability to add so what kind of skill set are you looking to add to your
repertoire elementalist psychic cyborg psychic okay I think those two will work
nicely together but now we’re gonna need to change your backstory too so let’s go
back again to that fateful night back when you were little you did lay awake
that night but the reason you couldn’t sleep was because you wanted to make the
world a safer place you walk to the mirror you looked in the mirror and
wondered if anyone would ever love you and then you heard a noise but but it
was a baby crying out in the hallway you saw you guys attacking a helpless baby
on the floor you had you stopped him from hurting that baby didn’t you you
knew you had the power to stop them and so you called upon your newly discovered
power as a psychic superhero you focused your man and prepared for battle your
foes had brawn but you had brains you use those brains to create a sky shield what do you think what
what’s with the kid you sensed another threat coming from up the stairs as the
brute entered you overpowered his weak man with a dazzling flash first intruder tried his luck again but
his attack still couldn’t penetrate your mental barrier what is this power still
under the influence of manga later the biggest intruder attacked his fellow fag
hey what do you think you’re doing I can’t now you figured your mental energy to
further trivialize your enemy’s attacks come on that’s just not fair
the intruder still thought he could get it hittin on you but he tie bang I’m
just out of ideas me too oh you were done toying you
focused your mental energy once more you got into position to unleash a massive
cerebral blasts maybe brains are better than brawn and so you beat them you
swept the baby up in your arms to take him somewhere safe and then that’s when
the unthinkable happened you saw your dad fuck your mom and from then on you
had to live with the factor because you were busy helping a baby you couldn’t
stop your mom from being fucked by your dad that’s heavy man I’m really sorry I
know you probably want to know why why your dad fucked your mom but those are
answers you’ll have to find for yourself this is what’s happening it’s the
freedom what have they done now just get the main street hurry
we’re coming Koon Adam well new kid looks like you might be needing those
newfound powers follow me this way but hope towards the bus stop
it’s a quicker trapped my Coon sense is on fire
freedom pounces on the move the confrontation is brewing yes this way
keep going towards the bus stop man escort missions are the worst god damn
it so close head towards Maestri butthole and gird your loins for battle
yes a little further no not that way main street the Freedom House are on
Main Street and right now we aren’t we were supposed to be a duo remember
tweek yeah I remember so when I walked out of Qunu friends you should have
walked out with me I like coded Fred because you had your
old movies thank god you’re here they’re really going at it super Craig
had to have movies before wonder tweek was introduced and they no sense
otherwise y’all cool makes no sense because you’re a traitor tweek and now
you’re with a group of super traitors this was started by you by people who
thought there should be preferential treatment to certain heroes we are the
ones who walked out of the fucking franchise mysterion Eric you must listen
to me right now I’m speaking to you telepathically get out of my head Timmy
your franchise is going nowhere face the truth Eric you guys are kind of
douchebags he just caught his douche bags in mine and he did all right you
son of a bitch back motherfucker good friends deal with these assholes you’re making a big mistake messing with
human friends time to break a leg yours surprise I wonder tweak champion
acceptance but that’s new keeps gonna kick your ass freedom pals I’ve had it my this is the part where
the bad guys regret their life choices good job you’ll kid you’re really
getting the hang of this hey wait what about code oh shit come on dude what
happened Timmy got away yeah he completely raped my mind you okay no
seriously you guys he fucked the shit out of my brains uh I grabbed him
we fought for a little bit but it’s his mental powers are too strong so we get
all that for nothing not quite I got Timmy cell phone you’re
dead there’s sure to be a lead on that let’s
get this back to base super Craig can analyze it ah hello is this the little superhero
who’s getting all the followers on Instagram your presence is requested at
City Hall the mayor of South Park wishes to speak with you don’t make her wait ah there you are bud huh all right let’s
get to work why isn’t you kidding MySpace I’m busy what have you found super Craig Timmy
slowed has a bunch of notes in it something about a girl who has
information about all the criminal activity in town what girl it just says
find the girl with the dick tattoo what girl in town has a dick tat oh I
don’t know mosquito but the freedom pals must think she’s the key to finding the
missing cat if the freedom house find her before we
do they’ll get the hundred dollar reward we cannot let that happen we have to
stop the freedom pals from having a sweet franchise at all costs then we
have to find the girl with that tattoo tonight Fast Pass is right we all have
to sneak out of our houses tonight and search the entire town what do you say
new kid are you up for it yeah who let this guy join us anyway go easy on him
you guys he’s had a tough life when he was six years old his dad fucked his mom what I’m sorry friend but it’s time they
learned you’re a tragic backstory but who doesn’t trust anyone because his dad
fucked his mom and he couldn’t do anything to stop it that doesn’t make
any sense I know how could the person you trust do
that to the only other person you love Cartman everyone’s dad fucked
everyone’s mom hey that’s how it works stupid our dad’s fucked our mom’s all
right so does that mean your dad fucked your mom cam yeah yes my dad fucked my
mom that’s why I’m here don’t steal his backstory dude that’s
not cool you’re so fucking stupid every human alive on earth had a dad who
fucked their mom out stop this is not what’s important right now we need to
find the lady with the dick tattoo yeah let’s get home so we can prepare for
evening missions let’s go Coon friends
such a fucking idiot it’s okay calm down I’m afraid you’ll have to deal with that
kind of bigotry your whole life but how when people don’t understand they lash
out I’m going to let you be a sidekick tonight to one of the Coon friends go
home and sneak out after your parents are asleep I’ll fill you in later but
are you doing even talking to the school counselor why’d you answer the phone
have you lost your fucking mind our child felt the need to go talk to
the school counselor doesn’t that bother you at all so you told him the truth no
we didn’t talk about that at all you dumb bitch you’ll ruin everything
I don’t have to listen to this from a stoned out pothead I need a drink
sure drown your problems in Chardonnay you stupid skank
oh hey whippersnapper have a fun day out playing no ha ha ha well I’m exhausted
gonna get ready for bed dinner’s on the table if you wanted Punk but then
straight to bed okay pothead alcoholic sweetie I just want you to know that
whatever happens mommy always loved you good night sweetheart net10 that’s when the creeps come out
but unfortunately for the creeps the other thing that comes out at night is a
kid captain diabetes yes a mild-mannered
gentleman with the power of diabetes as his control I used to bring a simple
elementary school student but then one day a freak science accident heard my
diabetes these are superhuman stripes all right
psychic we’re supposed to go investigate a girl who might know the location of
the missing cat follow me Hey ready let’s go sidekick college this way fuck bitch let’s see how you like this daddy that’s right pancake okay well
move out all the way I need to go buy some more beer
I’m sorry but cap and diabetes cannot let you drive
I’m fine to drive okay yeah I hear they give it like cheese you’re right no
condition sir I’m fine okay look wait look look I’m
fine okay give me my keys I’ll return them tomorrow get in the
fucking cage this shit you think you can dance with this let’s go if you drive at approximately 11 a.m.
it’s 11 a.m. somewhere you can’t scan get the night crush be psychic I’ll get
those keys right after this short little nap good all right psychic we have a job to do go
on it there’s a shortcut through him okay Keith Kyle’s off on another mission Matt yeah
we run our own psychic it’s up to us to get to the bottom of this jess has upstairs shortcuts appear in
the attic the tune gave us permission to use it sometimes when I have too much
sugar I get really angry and strong I call it my diabetic rage it’s kind of
like when Wolverine Quebec that’s my jacket this is human coccyx secret base farts
make me angry the cone sexist because my mom started when she gave birth to me
and that’s why I have diabetes I don’t think that’s why I have diabetes oh I
think it was a gift to help fight crime the shortcut it through that window let’s clear a path psychic I don’t have
my own secret base but if I get at least now clean it up a fine you had super
guests coming over couldn’t even set up the ladder for us
geez they’re tidied up this shortcut will
take us right into the heart of downtown stop Carmen come on do not be afraid they’re fairly hero in a psychic descend
into the darkness ready to strike down evil and bring peace listening you don’t
think people yeah because their mouths are inside this do you I feel like home
a guy up to make captain job you feel insecure about himself as you can see
psychic but nice house up park is quite a different place we’ve got to get into
the peppermint hippo to the town square Burnham County suck rocks best band in
the fucking world pussy balls pick these fucking things you see how masterfully I
have learned to control my diabetes I will here it is here’s where we’re going to
find the girl their suits me unsavory characters and lots of boobies inside
come on let’s go inside hey beauty kids 21 and over only gender
sighs anything it is I top diabetes I must speak with the ladies inside get
out of here before fucking throw you out hmm what did you they will you kids get out of here
already if you’re gonna talk take it the fuck outside I told you to get out of
here hey there’s fucking sweet hot tits back
there and you’re too young to seems fuck off 121 can see those hot fuckin tits
alright get out because everyone knows it’s physically impossible to get past a
red velvet ropes just go away fuckin ask for it no titties for you we
can’t force our way in sidekick it seems we’ll have to use our brains instead of
our brawn hmm there must be another way in
somewhere look at your sidekick away in all we
need is a pack up there like it now we get to meet away up there over
here sidekick I have an idea oh of course
stand aside sidekick oh boy you’re creeping me out Wow okay we may be saggy strip club Wow these ladies are really moving well
don’t freak out sidekick we’re superheroes we can handle this
one of these ladies has information about the missing cat but who there’s
only one thing we can do we have to pick someone and take him to the VIP room
find someone and make me there no lineup is complete without a little taste of
paradise get down on your knees and pray for angels day care is behind the ball
sweetie come back when you’re 21 and I’ll let you suck on my implants hey you
two girls ready to party so this is your friend huh fucking hot as fuck right
would you like to take her to VIP I don’t know it’s just kind of short
I like I’m short you take the one with the speech impediment come on get some
dances for little ass yeah first we get dances then we talk oh okay so have you gentlemen ever had dances
from a girl with a penis tattoo hey we didn’t come back here to talk baby
yeah no talking until you finished grinding on our jugs oh okay you know
what this means don’t forget to bring the towel it is his baby you’re stinking up the
room what kind of move was that oh come on you’re killing my buzz here let’s just talk okay Jack can chat time oh man so what
kind of work are you guys you and if you ever dance from the girl here who has a
penis tattoo why are you keep talking about a stripper with a penis tattoo
yeah yeah classy that’s her name her name is crappy yeah classy with an eye
and a little dick that hangs off the see which fuck’s the L out of the a SS of
course hence the tattoo we have the name no
cake come on what are you talking about this is the worst VIP experience ever
yeah all I did was get fired it on you ain’t going nowhere
ha ha I am the ordinary stripper I am captain diabetes what nice I can I
simply use our powers of disguise to extract information from you you won’t
get away with this captain diabetes oh shit my boner is wearing me down yeah
all I did was get herded on I’m gonna call the Better Business
Bureau and tell them you Gail if you have any complaints about your lap dance
experience it’s a peppermint hippo Jessamine as you great work new cake now
let’s get back to the main floor alright guys hope you’re having a good night out
there be sure to tip your waitresses and maybe buy a drink for the DJ next up on
the main stage we’ve got a little bit of hot sauce coming up your way let’s give
it up for as move every guy yeah check that gig hey cause the bitches games and
then the bitches come out of that backroom new keys we need to find a way
to distract your DJ hi guys gin and tonics always make my mom pass
out if we can make one hey spike it with something really
strong he’ll be out for sure go make that drink psychic no introduction she’s
everybody’s favorite treat give it up for candy yeah you heard my CD yet I’m a way
better DJ than that asshole but dreams for the digit jumping we can
put in a drink well watch out for open flame I’ll let you hold on the gross gap
psychic perfect addition to our concoction nice one there’s certainly something growth
despite that he’s a freak with around here I think we’ve got the makings of a
real knockout drink hmm they need one more thing hmm
do you think it’s gross enough not the DDM it’s missing oh gosh oh god sorry you had to feed a
sidekick but nothing in this world makes me more angry than fights and awakens
the deep-seated rage that I harbor within me I wish it didn’t have to be
fired but that’ll definitely take you figure out long enough for us to come
out classy all right guys we got a special does appreciate it oh man Wow that’s right guys let’s get her on out
here that’s classy with an eye and a little kick the fucking hell out of ya
give it up for Colette hey hey what’d you call the me out fo I ain’t on stage
yet wait a minute you ain’t the deejay yep let’s see her new kid all shitty
five-oh cops are here after her he went through here sidekick they after
me ladies stop him nobody’s allowed back here yeah get lost then design ladies
captain Davies and his sidekick need to question that sticker you want to get to
her you’re gonna have to go through us bring it on all right guys this is your
DJ back in the bathroom looks like we got a special treat for you tonight the
two assholes that farted in my drink are about to get booked in the face by our
very own lovely ladies by a parrot IV I implore you to stand down lady here comes our favorite flower fellatio
give it up for fuchsia hell no I get mixed up in this combat
shit you just want to get to the far end of
the room as fast as your little legs can take you there hope you have some fast
attacks give it up for Paris whoo Lala need i
say more yes she comes to his straight from the coca Cabana you know who I mean
a big hand for our luscious Lola sorry ladies go take a rain check
let’s get out of here you can’t stand up to my crusty psychic did it just get a lot spicier in here oh
that’s why it’s Esmeralda from the end of the hallway how about a kiss baby I
got my stank on that one’s perfect I guess is no match for the power of
diabetes and subbing in from the day shift give
it up for blaze hey can we turn the house lights down just a touch we’ve got
coffee down the hall Lakeside click quickly come on sidekick kick their ass you Mama’s mad now sugar classy
up yours whoa let’s not care if we got to stop those tiny cups from catching
classy hey better not have fucked up my girl
nails there’s no reason for this to get ugly she can smash a watermelon between Earth
Isis Anastasia we need to get the key before the stripper whore overwhelms us
get that sidekick okay guys better look out for this coke
and she’ll stick you right up her butt it’s Rhonda you gonna whoop these cops
today or what you’re gonna cry tiny cop you’re no network I think I think you
can you crusty sidekick okay my ass starting to get nervous now
oh you little bastards don’t fuck up don’t get a bootay look out ladies and
gentle if ease the mistress of BDSM your dominatrix dream come true it’s
spontaneous honey you ain’t ready for this bootay I’m gonna crush you in my booty cheeks
let me sit on the bank real quick oh my god no Christmas alive with her
massive but here comes death by spontaneous bootay again check this shit
out come here baby whoa shit
spontaneous boot I will fuck you up kids you better run like hell
if you run now you may live to brag about this ladies take them down
sidekick shootin my booty is hungry for blood baby the tiny cops are about to die and go to
booty heaven you’ve got your first stripper
oh it’s on I’m shit on you to your ad pop out of
your head if you run now you may live to brag about ah
you’ll never take me alive we can’t let her get away get inside
go on scram I ain’t afraid to use this thing come on
you’ll kick internet restaurant just gonna let that time justify psychic it’s
time for diabetic giving my guy back reg can’t move this son yeah huh oh yeah hey
it’s too much but I’m your knight you sayin that I need not Oh No okay I’m out
of insulin you got to help me out Craig yeah but I don’t let me actually and I’m
going into tau barracks yeah damn I’m tired so guys no no guys somebody please
Hey this is Ken checking in how’s it going
for you guys everything cool over there okay you know what makes my fart super bad
and crafted text medicine text me not just any handcrafted tex-mex
it’s got to be something extra special you know what to do new kid I’m alive
what happened who are you wait a minute what happened I saw their guide from
diabetes I remember seeing a bright life the
hands of God reaching hoarsely thanks somebody farted in my face then I was
back I can almost smell it Hey Wow your fuck can actually move objects in time
that’s impressive now let’s get back and ask arisen to
friends we found this female but he gets kicked in the Italian restaurant
requesting back-up you heard him all Coon friends to the
Bukit effect Jeanne and I said you know what your problem is you’re an alcoholic
you didn’t I did I said I said you can’t even go a day without scotch you lush I just don’t get how these people can get
high every night I mean I’m sorry but if you’re sticking a cat ass in your face
you obviously aren’t happy with your parents no yeah there where’s the girl he was here you didn’t hear come in no
we were busy sinking our watches no we were looking at menus because Cartman
made us order food fighting crime on an empty stomach is very dangerous human
catch it’s for your own good whatever she could have left we would have seen
her go out the front door laughing maybe he’s in the back
okay you guys check it out call us if you need help we’ll be waiting for you
with our breadsticks hey come on we need to get on this a
bath in the meanwhile that certificate summers fuck you hi baby fan you feel the wrath of human kite those eye lasers set for defrost or some
things pick up the intensity human get worried about your own shit Coon now a
pounder your noodling to do Rizzoli hmm watch this new kid I’m gonna do
something fucking sweet it’s might sting I wonder if they can
make your action figure do that like some kind of spring-loaded thing major Wow I’m almost impressed okay calm down if they touch me again I’m making you
all Busboys I still make you squeal like it the South bottoms up I’m gonna dip my balls in your sauce do
that again and I flatten you like a like a date up dip the piadina that’s a left-handed spatula never
underestimate the power of diabetes what a pretty pretty light show I’m making you flat like a de pizza I
think you’re spies out of alignment human height I still feel pretty lies
but thanks oh yeah this one bleeds reenact okay we’re gonna go do some real
superhero shit Oh try migrate Crusaders were no match
for the Coon and friends huh sidekick ha she must have gone this way but the
passage barricaded I could easily lift this out of our way but I can’t use my
apple juice without insulin to bring me back down hmm maybe they could trigger
my diabetic rage somehow of course there’s my super strength that could
knock it over but I can’t use apple juice without my insulin we need to find
a way to get that over without returning faculty like a mild-mannered superhero
it’s almost impossible he puts me into a state of blind rage except wait that’s
it your fight psychic you’re terrible fights it throw me into fits of Rage of
course the Coon wasn’t trying to make me feel
insecure Lee told me that my mom gave me diabetes he was trying to help me unlock
my true powers we’ve got you through there and get to class a psychic for the
good of South Park for Coon and friends I need you to fart on my face don’t be sad I’m not muted tell me where
to stand alright ready when you are we get it the
path is clear it’s hard for me to lose control of myself but if we’re ever in a
dire situation like that again psychic know that you can fart in my face oh man we gotta tell the guys who we
found missing cats a whole will of him judy scrambles one of them uh negative
none of them are Fagin old then what about the girl
we’re still tracking her we have to find out what she knows
get going hold on a psychic sounds like there could be trouble behind that door
there’s someone in there get ready 1 2 see I told you the council chasing me
and you let them here you stupid bitch who you calling a stupid bitch do I look
like your mama yes you got classy these kids are cops that ain’t no cop
that’s Captain diabetes when he was born his mom farted during labor and it gave
him diabetes that he uses to fight crime if they aren’t cops then we can shoot
them along with this bitch too oh yeah turning on me I knew I shouldn’t
win into business with y’all Tony Soprano look at motherfuckers so long
captain diabetes let’s see your diabetes Savior now he’s
wasted on red wine red wine drunk it’s the worst trunk there is let’s get the
fuck out of here alright captain diabetes this is it give me my fucking
keys then die you’re being unreasonable mixer mark let
me call your wife leave Sharon out of this you know Frick ah that’s not fair y’all can’t be using
your ass to speed up time and skip people tires and shit have a really good
feeling about this guy’s once again the two takes a day all right
I’m gonna take a cab yeah nobody drinks and guys on Captain
diabetes wife and I shit look all I know is there’s a
kingpin trying to get new high-grade drugs out on the streets it’s somebody
trying to bring the Italians and Chinese crime families together and shit enough
small talk where is scrambles scrambles we need
this reward money for our superhero franchise oh shit y’all just want a cat
so Nana’s Cisco he just some low-class assholes start working two months ago
he’d be talking all this shit about making money off the crime in the city
cuz some bigshot white boy be running all the drugs now hookers and shit right
okay uh-huh but not me I’m my own pants you know what I’m sayin it’s like I got
one investment in this world that’s my pussy and I ain’t puttin no mortgage on
that to some high-paying nigga talk about trying to make more money off
crime and she classy I’m sorry but what what about the cat’s own Aircast okay
that’s this little asian freak named yakky Baba some shit like that he going
around paying all these little sixth graders to take people’s cash
that’s fucked up I think taking that pussy and like taking money you know
what I’m saying that’s like criminal shit where do the cat go I can tell you
but I ain’t saying shit until I know I’m safe you understand these niggas ain’t
playing and I need to know you gonna protect my ass Eric Cartman do you have
any idea what time it is this is a school night mom not now we’re seriously
onto something you kids all get home now or I’m calling your parents sorry mrs.
Cartman please don’t tell my mom and who is this stripper woman these comb
friends offer me protection well she’s not staying here fine fat pad
take her to your house okay and now the news program that starts
your day off right good morning South Park good morning South Park a new
vigilante took to the streets last night and is apparently single-handedly taken
down the fam boni crime family here with more is a midget in a bikini Tom I’m
standing outside the buca di faggocini where the vigilante declared war on
crime in South Park security camera footage showed a young person farting in
people’s faces on their balls it was just terrifying the kid came in and just
started farting on people it was out of nowhere man
maybe someones finally standing up to what’s wrong with this city this new
kids a hero the kids a menace if you ask me how long before he or she kills an
innocent person how long before daredevil becomes the Punisher huh three
season three seasons police called to the scene found a treasure trove of
illegal items that they claim might tie the Italian restaurant to a larger crime
syndicate this may be just the tip of the iceberg certainly chilling stuff and
their reports the vigilante possibly had a sidekick
there was thought to be a sidekick Tom but further investigation showed it was
just some little twerp with diabetes thanks midget and of course the question
on everyone’s minds now who is the farting vigilante this is going to make
us look bad you fucked up it wasn’t our fault this
kid just came into the restaurant and started farting like there was no
tomorrow all you Italians are supposed to do is
move the product the Chinese and Russians do the rest everything has to
be discreet and quiet or people are going to learn the truth that we put the
product into people’s drugs and alcohol in order to create more crime you just keep doing your part in getting
the cheese out on the streets or maybe I’ll start dealing directly with the
Russians or the Chinese or the sixth-graders oh man what a great sleep yeah I haven’t
slept that well in weeks hmm so you guys do anything interesting last night oh no
you know do usual just watch some TV and rent a bed yep nothing exciting in art
but boring lives well then I guess I’ll just be seeing you guys tomorrow you’ve
got a big day ahead of you new kid get changed into your superhero costume and
wait for a message from the king you

How Does the ESRB Rate Video Games?


(pulsating music)
(keyboard keys clicking) – [Announcer] This documentary
is rating N for Noclip. (gentle percussive music) – Over the past 25 years,
video games have evolved in almost every conceivable way, giving birth to new genres,
new ways of playing, and experiences as varied
as the people who play them. But there’s one thing each
of these games has in common regardless of the type of game, who it was aimed at or the
console it came out on. Each of these games has passed
through the hallowed halls of the Entertainment Software
Rating Board, the ESRB. The ESRB is a self-regulatory organization that is responsible for
assigning age and content ratings to every video game released in America. And while countless games have been through the doors of the ESRB, the organization has never
opened its doors to the media. No journalist, let alone a camera crew, has ever been allowed inside. But that is about to change. In celebration of their 25th anniversary, the ESRB extended a special
invitation to Noclip. So we spent two days at their offices, chatting to the folks who work there, learning about the work they do, and sitting down to
interview a select few. The ESRB by the very nature of its work has always had an air
of secrecy around it. And if our experience
interviewing developers has taught us anything,
it’s that in a vacuum of understanding, misconceptions run riot. So we aimed to use this opportunity to clarify what the ESRB does, to uncover their processes,
their motivations, and how the work they do impacts gamers and parents every single day. Our mission today is to uncover how exactly the ESRB rates video games, to answer the question of who it is they ultimately answer to, and to see whether or not this
relatively small organization is able to keep up to speed with the incredibly fast
industry they preside over. (soft pensive music) – So back in the day before
the ESRB, games were evolving. Resolution was improving,
audience was expanding, there were games like Mortal
Combat that were coming out that were graphic for in those days, Doom, and there was no
consistent standard. There were some attempts at ratings but there were no standards,
and the government, particularly two legislators, two senators, started to really question whether the industry
was acting responsibly and if the industry didn’t
create some standard, they threatened that the government would. So they held a series of hearings. The industry quickly assembled itself and created a trade association
and created the ESRB, but up until that point, no, there was really no consistency
and no collaboration and no even will to collaborate on it. So, ’94, we started assigning ratings. – [Interviewer] When did
those initial ratings first get established? – Well, we had film ratings
but I think they realized that they wanted to
create their own system and I’m sure there was a lot of debate. Having not been around in those days, I’m sure there was a lot
of debate about which ages, which thresholds, and we changed
the ratings over the years. We started out with a K to A, which is now our Everyone rating. We didn’t have an Everyone 10+. We just had a K to A and
then it went up to Teen. Now we have a rating in between. We were the first rating system to have both age rating
categories and content descriptors because our research at the time indicated that parents really wanted to have both. Age ratings are great
but parents wanna know why you got a particular age rating because parents have different opinions about different types of content. Some parents may be okay
with violent content but not sex or language. Other parents may be more
comfortable with sex or language but not violence, so it’s really important to provide both parts and now
of course we have a third part which is Interactive Elements
but that’s much later. – [Interviewer] Before
we dive in any further, I asked Pat to clarify a
few things from the outset. First of all, the ESRB are
often conflated with the ESA, the Entertainment Software
Association that runs E3 and lobbies government on
behalf of many major publishers. So I asked Pat to clarify the relationship between the two organizations
and to give us the answer to that age-old question, can the games industry
effectively self-regulate itself? – Technically we are part of the ESA. We operate independently, obviously. They’re in D.C., we’re in New York. We have a completely different mission. They’re very member-driven. We are taking industry-adopted
guidelines and enforcing them and we’re really the face of the industry for informing parents and for making sure that we’re acting in a responsible way and it’s just a very
different sort of mission, but the board, our board
of directors is the same as the board that runs ESA. They put their good
citizen hats on with me and do the right thing. It works ’cause they’re bought into it. They believe that as an industry, self-regulation is the best approach. My attitude is self-regulation,
the proof is in the pudding. We’ve been around for 25 years. Parents trust us, they use us. What more can we do to
prove that we’re serious about what we do and we’re good at it? So, are the ESRB good at what they do? It’s a good question and
to find out the answer, we’re taking a look at
three core responsibilities that the organization undertakes. First we’re gonna look
at how games are rated. Then we’re going to explore how the ESRB enforces
advertising standards in trailers, commercials, and print ads. And finally, we’re going to
take a look at how, if at all, the organization has
evolved with the times, whether or not they
have effectively adapted to new challenges such
as digital distribution, indie self-publishers, and the
desire that many gamers have that they step in on
the issue of loot boxes. Our first stop is with the ratings team, but before we learn how
exactly they rate games, there was one question I had in the back of my mind all day. What type of person works at the ESRB? – So I was actually out
of work for a little bit. My first day of unemployment
was September 10th, 2001, in New York City, and I
decided I would start looking for work the next day, and of course, that was September 11th so that was exactly 18 years ago today. And it was really hard
to find work in the city. Nobody was hiring, it
was the shock at first and then after that, there was questions of where people were even
gonna have their offices and things like that. And my downstairs neighbor
actually worked at ESRB and I would sort of jokingly say, “When are you gonna get
me that video game job?” which kinda kept on
going and going and going and so I started to kind of
expand the sort of things I was looking for outside
of software development and eventually he got called
into the police academy. So he said, “Hey, there’s
this job opening up.” So then I started August 2002. – My story is also related
to another employee who actually is still
here, Shayne Spaulding. He had recently started
working at the ESRB. I had met him a couple times
but he knew I was a big gamer. Gaming was pretty much
my life at that time and it still is and
will probably always be. He brought in my resume and
I came to the job interview with a paper that I had
written for a class in college. – You should’ve seen this thing. – (laughs) I wrote it for an
Electronics Media Policy class. So I was in an electronics
media program, but at the time, there weren’t really a lot of specialized video game programs but I tried to steer it towards
gaming as much as I could so I figured in this course, I would kinda deviate from
what the assignment was a little bit and write
a paper about the ESRB. – [Interviewer] You’re kidding. – No.
– Yeah. – So I wrote a big paper about the ESRB.
– The most well-prepared candidate you could possibly imagine. He’s like, here’s my
college paper on you guys. – Yep, and I brought copies for everyone. I kinda handed it out and I was, I mean, I was a little starstruck
at the time walking around. I knew Pat Vance’s name and I was like, oh my god, do I get to meet
Pat Vance, this is super cool. – He knew, yeah, he knew everybody’s name. He was looking down the hallway and things trying to spot–
– You were an ESRB fanboy. – Yeah, kind of, yeah, yeah.
– Kinda, yeah. (laughs) – [Rocco] So yeah, I came
in here with that stuff and I think you had said in the past that you were close to
hiring somebody else. – Well, I mean, you had
the book report done, so.
– I did, and I think– – That pushed you over the top. – I dropped, it thudded on everyone’s desk with a resounding, and I, here I am. – Yeah, no, I definitely, we’ve talked, I will wake up in cold
sweats thinking oops if I didn’t hire, like,
that’s the nightmare, I accidentally didn’t hire Rocco, so. – I do like that I can still be the source of your nightmares. – Yeah, yeah, yeah, no,
that’s true, that is true. – Yeah.
(interviewer laughing) – [Interviewer] Video games
aren’t the only form of media that contain age ratings,
but the challenge of applying those
ratings is surely unique. A movie can be watched
over a couple of hours. A music album, even less time. But to apply the same level of scrutiny to an interactive medium where
games can contain dozens, even hundreds of hours worth
of bespoke, player-led content seems like an impossible task. During our time at the ESRB
we were given one caveat. We weren’t allowed to film the raters. They work under anonymity
to protect themselves from publisher influence. The raters come from all walks of life but are chosen based on a certain level of video game literacy and
experience with children. They work in a private room,
viewing hours upon hours of video game footage every day. But that’s just one piece of this process, so we asked Rocco and
Bill to take us through the procedure of rating a game. (pensive music) – [Rocco] The first component
is the online submission form, so that’s basically a web
form that you fill out where you tell us about your
game, you tell us, you know, you give us some general
information about the game, how it works, what you do, and then you tell us about
your pertinent content. That’s our important ESRB-defined term. Pertinent content means
the most extreme content in your game in its relevant context. So we don’t wanna see just your violence. We don’t wanna see just your sex. We wanna see the build-up, the lead-up. We wanna see what happens
after a head is cut off. Why is it getting cut off? What happens, what’s the aftermath? – Yeah, we don’t want an
extreme content montage where it’s just decapitation,
decapitation, decapitation. So it should show us the
lead-up, like he was saying, and all that.
– Yeah, it can bias people to have them see something
that’s more extreme. It doesn’t really get into
the context of the game. Most games have, you know,
violence is a primary mechanic in a lot of video games
but there are story. There’s all sorts of other stuff that, it’s not the only thing that you’re doing. So you fill out, they’re essentially long-form essay questions
where you tell us about the violence, the sexuality, the gambling, the
language, the crude humor, the different content
categories that we care about and that parents care about
and you basically write the most extreme instances and then you, at the same time, prepare a video. You upload an HD video generally in your game’s
target output resolution to our secure FTP and
that enumerates the things that you’re talking about on the form. So that gives us the examples,
it gives us the context. You show us low-level
play, mid-level play, cut-scenes where appropriate. And we try to put it in
front of our radars in a way that is as similar to what
an end user would experience without actually having a
controller in your hand. So you upload that to us, you agree to our terms and conditions which says what you can
and can’t do with a rating, you pay a fee, then that
comes in to my staff. My staff goes through everything,
works with the publishers to make sure that it’s appropriate, that it’s how we would expect it, that it does a service to your game, that you’re not sending us
an extreme content montage, as we said, we polish it up and then it goes in front of our raters. – Yeah, and as long as everything’s good, we have all the materials
that we need, at that point, we’ll set it up in front of
raters who will review it. There’s at least three
raters, they’re anonymous. There’s a big wall between
them and publishers. They’re not allowed to speak to publishers or talk to press or anything like that. – [Interviewer] We’re
not allowed film them. – Right, you’re not allowed to film them. So they’re allowed to do their job in an unbiased and unpressured way. They can just react to content. So they’ll go into the rater room. They’ll review the footage and after that, they’ll come into this
office and we’ll have, one of the raters is
designated as the foreman and they’ll come in and they’ll
discuss the rater feedback. The foreman will also
draft the rating summary and James Chang, director
of rating assignments, will also come in and he’ll do what’s called a parody analysis where we’ll look at similar
rated products in the past and make sure that
everything is consistent with precedent and all that. After that meeting,
the rating’s finalized. The publisher gets it. If they’re happy with it,
which, most of the time, they know what they’re gonna get. Most of the time they have an expectation and it’s aligned with that, that’s sorta the end of the process. If they’re not happy with the rating or they have questions about it, we’re happy to tell them why
it received the rating it got. If they want to edit the product to get a different rating, they can do so, but that starts the
whole process over again. And we don’t tell them what to do either which is a critical point. We just inform them why it
received the rating it got. We don’t say, if they
say, “We got a Mature, “we wanted a Teen,” we don’t say, “Well, do this, do this, do that.” We say, “Here’s what
triggered the Mature,” and go through that and then they can take whatever creative choices they wanna make to achieve their goals. – I would say they average
between 30 to 45 minutes but they can go as long
as four to five hours, sometimes even longer than
that in very, very rare and isolated instances
which is very tough for us ’cause that can be longer
than a business day and sometimes we have to split
the session over two days and we definitely wanna avoid that. The majority of stuff can be accomplished in under 45 minutes, we think. – Dialogue-heavy products can be tricky because then you’re looking
for sorta specific lines. The core mechanic repeats a
lot throughout the gameplay so if it’s just talking
about it’s a fighting game, the fighting mechanic
repeats over and over again so that’s a little, I think, probably easier.
– Yeah, like, a bigger open-world game or
something is gonna be harder. It’s gonna take more time and generally the videos will be longer, the submission will be more dense than something like Tetris. – [Interviewer] The
process of rating a game usually takes between five
and seven business days, but that’s assuming
everything is disclosed. So I asked the guys what happens when pertinent content isn’t disclosed, when the ESRB finds inconsistencies between the game footage
and the paperwork. – There’s two main time periods. There’s during the
process and post-process. So post-process is much more serious. We discover something
when it’s been released but there’s in-process violations. – Yeah, so that’s part of the compliance. Part of my job is dealing
with those types of issues. So we have what’s called the clarification which is exactly what it sounds like. Hey, what’s up with this, explain it. And then if it’s a
particularly egregious omission either on your video or on your form, we have our enforcement system. We can give an in-process enforcement. We call them Class C violations. Those are the more serious of the in-process things that we can do and you have two morning
points built into that so the first two don’t come with a fine but beyond that you can get fined for more egregious
issues of non-disclosure when your games are in here
but that’s how we do it. The majority of stuff,
when we have an issue during the rating process,
it’s a clarification. It’s just an email. It’s like, explain this
mechanic, explain this issue. Why didn’t you talk about
this, blah, blah, blah, and generally that’s the end of it. But if it’s a more serious
thing that they missed, and it’s not people trying
to hide stuff from us. It’s usually new people, people
that just miss something, people where it’s buried in their game, they didn’t think about it and
they didn’t think they needed to disclose it.
– Software’s complicated. It moves quickly, things
are getting developed and we have never seen an example of someone trying to hide something. There’s really no
benefit to them to do it. We don’t think anybody’s
trying to game the system. It’s generally, when we find
stuff, it’s smaller in nature. No one misses disclosing the violence in a fighting game, for example. It’s generally, there’s a character page and someone says they like wine and that’s the thing that they miss. So post-release would be
if we discovered something that was on the shelf. Those are more serious violations. It’s essentially the same
thing where they get a letter and they have to update the packaging and update the product, but similarly, there’s points and
fines associated with it and they can go up to a
million dollars, actually. (crowd chanting) – [Interviewer] These days
we can capture gameplay and transmit large video
files with relative ease but anyone who’s worked
online or in games knows that this is a relatively
recent indulgence. So how did the ESRB tackle the job of reviewing game footage
back in the days of VHS? – Yes, yes, we were
getting tapes and faxes. Faxing was part of the system.
– You can still fax us though. – Well, you can, we don’t
want them to fax us. I mean, there is a machine, but– – We get the occasional fax. – It’s like, you know. – [Interviewer] Please don’t fax us. – Yes, don’t fax.
(interviewer laughing) So yeah, so they’re faxing, VHS tapes. We had situations where
the video game would end and Seinfeld would kick in. (interviewer laughing) – You just grab whatever tape you had lying around, right?
– Yeah, people would take their old tapes. – We were on VHS tapes way too long, until 2008, I wanna say, we were on VHS tapes.
– Shh, don’t let them know. – Yeah, yeah, sorry. – Yeah, no, we were on, we were sort of– – That was one of main
stated goal when I came in. I’m like, I’m dragging this organization kicking and screaming off of VHS. – Yeah, that was good.
– Did indeed. – [Bill] It’s hard to
find a VHS player in 2008. – [Rocco] They’re expensive. – [Bill] Yeah, exactly. – [Rocco] DVD for a while. – DVD for a while.
– We are all digital now. We’ve been all digital for a while. – You can FTP, the works.
– Yes, upload your HD video please.
– Which is super, one of the, people don’t think
about how inefficient it is. I mean, the VHS, when
you talk about a scene, you’ve gotta rewind it. – Oh, god.
– You’re just sitting there– – Nightmares.
– Watching, yeah, I mean– – DVD was a pain with that too but it was quicker.
– It was better, it was better.
– But we found these DVD players that could go
up to 100X for fast-forward. – Wow.
– So yeah, we got these Prosumer players
and we put them everywhere. – Yeah, and then, like, 80% of them died within a year of each other ’cause we just ground them to a paste. Yeah, when you take about
changes, the industry itself, the game was done, it goes in a box. There’s no such thing
as patches and whatever. Now that’s the beginning, is the retail process.
– The first thing you do is you put your game in and you download an 11-gig data patch which, 15 years ago, you got your cartridge and that cartridge was never patched. They might do another manufacturing run to fix some bugs or something
but you would never know, and we don’t just issue the ratings. We also, when the games come out, make sure that those ratings are accurate. So that’s another part
of what I oversee here, is our post-release testing process where we try to test all
of the new long-form games that come out or all
the new long-form games that people are caring about,
put at least four hours, if not more, of testing into
every game that comes out just to make sure that what they told us during the submission process is accurate. – And that’s a great point because we also recently
updated our system to help identify products that have long content plans post-release. Special editions often have
season pass and things like that so that helps flag it for us to know that not only do we need
to do that initial big test but we’ll probably need to
keep checking it over the years to make sure–
– Games as a service is such a big thing that
you could buy a game and then play it five years later and it’ll be totally different, so we need to keep looking at it. (pensive music) – The rating team is just one part of the enforcement
responsibilities that the ESRB has. Directly across the hall from
them are the team responsible for making sure that every
piece of video game marketing that reaches a consumer abides
by a set of ESRB guidelines. Dave Gossett came from the music industry and was used to managing
rappers and rappers’ managers during the golden age of hip-hop. These days he’s the director of ARC, ESRB’s Advertising Review Council. They’re the folks
responsible for making sure that every trailer, TV
commercial, billboard, and advertising have appropriate content and are targeting the right demographic. And while you may not have
heard Dave’s name before, you’ve almost certainly heard his voice. – I’ve been at the ESRB 19 years. This will be my 20th year in December. – [Interviewer] Congratulations. – Thank you. – [Interviewer] Are you
getting anything for it? – Am I getting anything
for, like a gold watch or something like that?
– Cake or yeah, a gold watch. – I’m sure there’ll be something pleasant. – [Interviewer] Somebody told me also you have quite a famous voice. – Absolutely, I consider myself
the voice of the industry (both laughing) for those that know. Rated M for Mature. Publishers can use whatever
voice actors they want to to create the voiceovers that are required in our television spots but
there would be occasions when they didn’t have a
voice actor and they said, “Well, do you guys
provide the voiceovers?” And at that point we didn’t, so myself and a young man
named Blake Christiana, we took a day in the studio
and he engineered the session and I recorded all of the voiceovers. So we actually have a
professional voice actor who provided voiceovers for us in English and other
languages and then my voice and we actually took my voice off after we had the professional
voice actor do it but all the publishers
called back and was like, “Where’s the other voice?” (laughs) And so it’s nice to be in
a bar doing NBA playoffs and commercial for basketball game and you hear, “Rated E for
Everyone,” that’s your voice. Rated E for Everyone. – [Interviewer] Can you do an M? – Rated M for Mature. (interviewer laughing) Rated E for Everyone, rated T for Teen. We’re responsible for ensuring that video game advertising
is appropriately labeled with our rating information
and equally as important, if not more important,
appropriately targeted to the audience that it’s meant for. – [Interviewer] So how do you, I guess, go about what you’re
policing is the wrong term but enforcing that or guiding people? Are there specific guidelines?
– I think policing, enforcing, and guiding are
kind of all the right terms. On our website we have a publisher section and publishers have access
to what we call an ARC manual and inside that ARC manual
are all of our requirements for marketing and advertising guidelines, for rating icon placement and
content descriptor font size, kind of all the technical stuff, and then we have a section
called Principles and Guidelines for Responsible Marketing
and Advertising Practices and that’s where we kinda
get into the discussion about content and what is
and isn’t acceptable in ads and its various media or mediums that the advertising encompasses. There’s television, magazines,
a lot of social media now. Out-of-home advertising is huge, your billboards and your posters. So I’ll do Times Square or L.A. LIVE. They get really big. They can be just normal-sized poster or billboard somewhere on the highway but some of these budgets are pretty big and you’ll have a huge AAA
title where you’ve got– – [Interviewer] So E3, the– – [Dave] E3, I look at all that stuff before E3 happens, absolutely. – [Interviewer] What about the
stuff on the Hotel Figueroa? – Hotel Figueroa, I know the requirements like the back of my hand. I know exactly what they
are, what we require, what the Hotel Figueroa requirements are, and that’s always one of
the first things we look at when we show up to the convention center is we look at the Hotel Figueroa and see how huge the rating icon is. I mostly focus on content and the content is usually
in television spots, in trailers, in general audience videos or paid advertising videos for use online so I’m constantly looking at the content that publishers provide us and kinda going through frame by frame and saying, okay, for television, we apply our guidelines most
stringently so this scene here, this depiction of this
graphic or violent act isn’t compliant with our guidelines so you need to edit or remove that scene. And that’s really what I
do on a day to day basis all day long for all the
publishers who submit. I’m very sensitive to
television commercials because that’s a passive audience so you’re just sitting
at home watching a game or some show and then a video
game advertisement comes on. That’s kind of where
we apply our guidelines most stringently so I’m
always on the edge of my seat when a television spot comes
on ’cause it’s a huge screen and I have good screens in my office to look at this stuff on but you’re always on the edge of your seat hoping you didn’t miss anything. I look at those commercials
very differently, I think, than everyone
else that looks at them. (smooth music) Just because there’s graphic
violence in your video game doesn’t mean that we’ll allow you to display graphic
violence in your marketing and advertising materials. We have principles and guidelines and one of our guidelines is violence and then under that violence
guideline we have examples. No characters being shot,
for example, or no blood. They’re definitely suitable
for a general audience and I also take pride in understanding what the publishers are going for and conveying to the consumer
exactly what’s in the game. So it’s kind of a fine
line you have to walk where we’re applying our
principles and guidelines and making sure the ad is
compliant with our guidelines but also making sure
that the consumer knows the type of content that’s in the game. – [Interviewer] Is there ever any issue where TV spot again, in particular, it’s communicating a
sense of fear or dread or something like that where something is, ’cause you could have, things can be scary without being violent. Is that ever a part of it? – Absolutely, so we have something that we call the overall tone of a spot. I’ll look at it once as a
consumer would look at it and then I may break it down
into smaller components, scenes, but I’m also
going for an overall feel. We’ve got a lot of first-person shooters where there are television
spots made for those so we have guidelines about
an excessive amount of gunplay and our job is very subjective. The good thing about us being
here for such a long time is we have a lot of history
with the publishers, with the content, with
the type of content, with what our industry does, so I feel like I have a good
barometer for what’s excessive and what’s graphic and what’s gratuitous. So yeah, overall tone
is definitely something that we pay attention to
as well as staying abreast of what’s happening in the world today. – [Interviewer] Is there
much back and forth between you and the
stakeholders on the other side? I imagine there is. – Abso-freaking-lutely, one of
the things I pride myself in is that I deliver a lot of
bad news on a daily basis. Like, you have to take
out this, this, and this from your ad, your video, your trailer. We as a department encourage
the back and forth. So I know we’re the whipping board for a lot of fans out there
and I know a lot of people and one thing I enjoy about doing this, and I think I mentioned
this to you earlier, that we’re not gray-haired
old men in suits just looking at this stuff. We’re a lot hipper than
people would think, I would like to say. – [Interviewer] Does
most of your job involve the sort of higher end
of the rating scale? – It’s funny, preparing
for this interview, I was looking at the
percentages of games rated and so about 60% of the
games rated by the ESRB are in between the E and
E 10+ rating category, and so you’ve got 30%
that are about Teen rated and you’ve only got 9% of the
games that are rated Mature but I spend a lot of
my time in the 9% realm and that’s because a lot of the titles that have the bigger marketing
and advertising budgets are your AAA Mature rated titles. But there are other very
successful Teen titles where I need to review the content as well and some of the publishers that create some of the most influential
or newsworthy content are some of the most compliant
publishers out there. So people might look at the
content they create and say, “Oh, these guys are out there,” but when you look at how
they go about doing their art and handling their business,
they’re very responsible. (pulsating music) – Today’s video game industry
is almost unrecognizable from how it appeared when
the ESRB was first founded. While once a handful of
console manufacturers and retailers were the sole
gatekeepers to the market, these days, digital
distribution, free-to-play games, and app stores risk circumventing
the established protocols. So how does the modest-sized
ESRB stayed relevant in a world where millions of games are released every single year? Their answer is something called IARC, a semi-automated rating process that could work across
international territories. The hope was that some form of automation would help bring ratings
to the growing number of app stores flooding
the market with games. But it’s fair to say not everyone at ESRB was on board from the start. – The business was changing. With mobile coming on, with digital, the volume was gonna be
continuing to increase, the type of developers that were coming into the market were different. There were indie developers,
very little resources, and I felt that it was really important for us to try to create a
scalable solution for ratings. Could we take what we do,
which is highly subjective when you’re looking at
content and break it down into zeroes and ones,
multiple-choice questions? You’ll hear from others here
that the initial response I got from my team was no, adamantly no. – We were not huge fans immediately. – She is very forward-thinking
and I think we were stuck in a process, we were at that point where we didn’t really drink the Kool-Aid. – [Bill] Yeah, I think we were scared. It’s a big volume–
– Our process worked. – [Bill] Yeah, we had, if you
sorta walled off what we had and just kept at that, it was great. And the traditional process we think is– – Still great.
– It’s a great process. It’s just not scalable, and to solve the scalability challenge, we needed to think a
little bit differently, and it’s hard for us because
we had been sort of conditioned to not think differently and sort of say, it’s really important to get
this completely brutally down before it releases because a correction or a mistake at retail is bad. – So we first tested it with
console downloadable games that were not available in physical form and we continued to tweak it and the model was sort of a hybrid model where the developer paid a fee. It wasn’t as high as a
physical game rating fee, but paid a fee nonetheless and
still had to submit a video but that there was still a questionnaire that had an algorithm that would
assign the original rating. And then it was up to us to make sure that that rating was correct after the product gets released. So it was very risky, and
then I took that system to other rating authorities
around the world and I said, “If weren’t doing
our best to broaden adoption “across all of these new devices, “all of us as rating authorities “were gonna be marginalized to death.” So we had to go around the
world and basically talk to other game rating authorities and say, “Is there any way that you would consider “using a system like this? “And we’ll program a separate
algorithm for your region “’cause cultural norms aren’t
the same around the world.” – And that was one of the things that we wanted to make sure was understood with what we were trying to pitch with IARC in the beginning. We weren’t trying to export
a U.S. standard out there. So certainly different regions, I know when one of the store fronts was testing the questionnaire, they said that there was
a bug in the German output because the nudity was so low and they said, “No, that’s a
feature, that’s not a bug.” And that’s what’s great about IARC. We can ask one question and then generate all the different outcomes
that are regionally appropriate instead of saying,
“Here’s the U.S. standard. “We’re gonna export it everywhere.” – So the developer only
answers the questionnaire once but they get the ratings in each region and they wouldn’t have to pay for it and they wouldn’t have to wait for it, whereas in the traditional
ratings business, you have to submit to
each rating authority. You have to pay a fee. They each have their different timelines. So we were eliminating all
of that with this system and we built a dashboard
for rating authorities so that they could see every single rating that’s coming through and test it and modify the rating if they needed to. – I can click a button
on my computer over there and within 15 minutes
have multiple billions of devices fixed and that’s something that you don’t have the
capacity to do in retail. So sorta seeing that way forward and building that framework– – I think it’s witchcraft. – Yeah, it is– – But the fact that you can click a button–
– It’s magic, it’s dark magic, really, it’s not, that’s how it works.
– And you can be in, like, Africa, on your android phone, and the rating is up like that. How does that, it’s crazy. – That’s how we can get
there and make it work. – As long as it’s implemented
well by the storefront, it really does work like a charm. It does exactly what we
intended which is to control the rating that’s displayed in the store, give rating authorities the
ability to customize by region, and to monitor the accuracy of the ratings that are being assigned and be able to modify them very quickly. (pensive music) – [Interviewer] With
IARC, the ESRB developed a new mechanism in
anticipation of future change, but what happens when
change comes out of nowhere and they’re forced to adapt on the fly? A recent example of this is
when Limited Run Games attempted to release limited edition boxed copies of small indie titles. These were digital games that had never had a physical edition and so hadn’t been through
the full rating process. The cost required to get a
rating would’ve been so high that it then didn’t
really make business sense to do the limited
edition physical version. When news broke around this,
the ESRB were criticized for not having a mechanism in
place for these smaller teams. So I asked Rocco and Bill how
they were reacting internally. – So we built a new
process around that too called the digital physical rating process which essentially
leverages some of the work that’s already been done through
the digital rating system. It still has to come through
the traditional process but it’s a little quicker, it’s a little cheaper for them to do that. – It’s our cheapest rate. – Yeah. – And so basically you
need to have been out in a digital form, valid
digital ESRB rating for 90 days, and then you’re eligible for that and that’s generally how
most of the limited runs, the strictly digital developer, all those types of games come out. So those come through us pretty frequently and those guys are the ones
that need a lot of hand-holding ’cause they’re generally smaller teams and they’re not super
familiar with the process. And at the same time, a lot of
those people are the coolest and we’re just happy to hold their hands ’cause their games are,
(Bill laughing) like, if your game is a digital game and it’s successful
enough to get a physical, then you’re generally pretty happy and excited and it’s a cool thing, so a lot of them are
happy to come through us even though those submissions
do need more polishing from time to time. – We don’t wanna block people
out from the rating process and we try to be
accommodating where we can. – We’re pretty quick to
deal with stuff like that. The industry moves really,
really, really fast and it’s hard to stay ahead of it but I think we’re pretty good at it. – [Interviewer] Just
like it was 25 years ago, video games continue to evolve, and the ESRB is often
pulled into conversations regarding the wider
policing of the industry, most recently being mentioned
as a possible solution to the growing weariness
that many gamers have toward loot boxes. In reaction to the controversy, the ESA, the Entertainment Software Association, has said they will be
introducing new policies on the disclosure of item
rarity and drop rates, but the ESRB’s mission, to
educate and inform parents, didn’t exactly overlap with
the desires of many gamers. So I asked Pat what was the
ESRB’s reaction to this issue? people were asking us
to disclose loot boxes but we did research very quickly and realized that parents
didn’t know what a loot box was. When we told them what a loot box was and we asked them what
their concerns would be, by far their concern was spending. Now, gamers may be
concerned about it looks and feels like gambling and why don’t you, ESRB, call it gambling? It doesn’t fit into the criteria of either simulated gambling or gambling, so that was not an avenue
we were gonna go down. [Danny] If somewhere down the road
there was some sort of regulation brought it on loot boxes, would that be something you’d…does it fall under somebody else’s remit? [Pat] Well take the drop rate issue.
The industry in the US has made a commitment that drop rates are going to be part
of loot boxes going forward. And the reality is that drop-rates aren’t for parents Drop rates are for the gamer there’s already a lot of information that gamers can utilize about loot boxes and then in terms of disclosures, it was
really important for us to make sure that we were providing
information that was helpful to parents and we had been using an interactive element called “digital purchases” in the mobile and digital world so what we did a year and a half ago was to start using the in-game purchases descriptor in physical as well as digital and mobile But we are continually evaluating we conduct research ever year with parents. we want to understand
what their concerns are So our messaging now is two-fold It’s about making sure they
know that there are ratings but that they can do
something about it too with these parental controls
that just keep evolving and keep getting better and better. – [Interviewer] This was the first time the ESRB had let cameras in the door, and from talking to the
folks around the office, you get a good idea of why. Their work is kind of a thankless job, the type of place that
only gets talked about when it comes into contact
with a hot-button issue. The day to day here is
taken very seriously, not only because of public scrutiny, but because of the various
masters the ESRB has to serve. For them, that means the
government who requires a high level of enforcement
and parental awareness, developers who need
games to be rated quickly and accurately, and parents
who want to trust its source when it comes to choosing
games for their kids. As a regulatory body, their performance is audited frequently but we don’t really hear
much about what they do on a day to day. Perhaps that’s why they
let us through the doors, to try and give us some insight into the difficult work
they do here every day. There’s a lot more that goes on here. The ESRB Retail Council, for instance, is responsible for auditing stores and monitoring enforcement of sales. In fact, during Pat’s tenure as director, videos games have
achieved the highest level of retail enforcement of any industry, a statistic that means a
lot when certain people in congress are looking for an excuse to blame video games for
real-world atrocities. And while the work may be difficult, it’s clearly work they feel rewarded by. So before I left I asked
some of them what it was about working at the ESRB
that makes them stick around. – I’ve always wanted to
work in the games industry and I did some game writing
and stuff when I was younger but I didn’t wanna pick a company and go work for that company. Here I get to work with every company, literally every company
around the entire world and that’s awesome and
then we get to deal with, you know, your digital games. We get to deal with apps. We get to deal with every challenge. We get to deal with games
as a service, free-to-play, everything as it comes
in, we’re addressing it and so you’re not doing the
same thing over and over again. It’s constantly being refreshed
and it’s constantly vibrant and I think that’s why
people stick around. – We do believe in the mission. We’re really proud of what we’ve been able to accomplish here and I think
we do have new challenges and we keep on adapting to it. So it’s not just sorta
stamping the ratings over time.
– Yeah, the job isn’t stagnant. The job moves, the industry moves.
– It has changed so much and we’ve been part of that change. We’ve been able to shape that change. – For me, the public service component of it is really compelling. It’s not just that you’re
in the video game business but you’re actually providing a real valuable service to the public, and you’re helping the
industry self-regulate and protect itself from regulations so I think the whole mix is a really unique and compelling mix. At the end of the day,
it’s sort of all worth it. (gentle pulsating music) – You wanna start? – (laughs) Well, I have this problem where I don’t play a lot of games but I play a small number of games to maybe unhealthy obsession. So I’m currently playing Battlefield V. I just checked my playtime yesterday. – Your slash played? (interviewer laughing)
– Yeah, no, Warcraft killed me–
– I know. – Because of that, yeah.
– Yeah, I know. – Warcraft, the fact that– – Never look, never look.
– Yeah, never look. What do you think, ’cause I had an idea. (Rocco sighs) My guess was 500. – Yeah, I was actually literally was gonna throw out 500 hours. – 910. – Jeez.
– Wow. – In Battlefield V. – That is too much. – So that, Kerbal Space
Program, huge fan of that. I played that with my kids a lot. – (sighs) Let’s see, today
alone, I have played Pokemon GO which I am continuing
to play since launch. Maybe I shouldn’t be proud of that but I enjoy Pokemon GO. I’m playing Doom, the
original Doom which just got, they re-released 1, II and 3 on everything so I’ve been playing that on Switch. Hopefully they will fix that port ’cause there are some issues there but it’s still Doom and it’s still fun and it’s a game I’ve
been playing since 1993. I’ve been an id fanboy
pretty much my whole life so I love everything they’ve done. I loved your Doom 2016 video. It was one of my favorite
things that I’ve ever seen. Thank you.
– Thank you. – “Masters of Doom” is my favorite book. – What else, Tetris, I’ve pretty much, I’ve played Tetris almost
every day since 1989, I wanna say.
– Really? – Yeah, I’m a bit of a Tetris guy. I played through Blazing Chrome which is kind of like
a Metal Slugs, Contra, if they had a baby, modern, kinda new. Played through Cadence
of Hyrule which I loved. – And it’s great because
he knows all these games pretty intimately and then if
they become pretty successful, sometimes they’ll wanna go
into the retail process. Now they’re gonna come to retail and he already is pretty
familiar with them so if we get them in– – Yeah, a lot of times
people are reaching out to me and I’m like, “Hey, I
backed your Kickstarter. “I know your game, I played
it in beta, what’s up?” – Right.
(interviewer laughing) – Make sure you tell us
about this, ’cause I know. (all laughing) – [Bill] Right, right. (keyboard keys clicking)

Meg Hutchinson — Speaking out about mental illness


The breakdown was 2006 and the first
time I spoke publicly was 2011. I was writing songs about it and that’s what
encouraged people to start asking for the story. I was always able to sing
about it. For some reason that felt safe, but speaking about it felt terrifying.
And the first time they asked me, I remember it was like weeks leading up to
it where I felt like all of those trauma circuits were just lit up and I just
thought, I don’t–I don’t want to go back. I don’t want to go into this story again.
But when I spoke that day in Minneapolis and I looked out at all the
families, and I looked at the families that had lost children, I looked at the
families that were supporting each other through it and I saw that it was doing
something, that being up there–as uncomfortable as it was in the beginning,
and it’s gotten a lot easier–but that I was able to turn something that had been
so terrifying to me into something that could serve other people and there was
a sense that having survived there was a responsibility. When I was going through
the worst of it I did I felt like there weren’t enough stories of young people.
There wasn’t enough. I was hanging on to Kay Redfield Jamison books for dear life,
you know, carrying them around with me. But I felt that there there weren’t
enough people my age talking about it, and there wasn’t enough giving me a
sense that my brain would come back and that there was something on the other
side. And I think to to speak about it started to feel more and more like a
responsibility. As someone who had gotten through it. And people gave me the
courage. The courage didn’t come from me. People just came up over and over to me
after after I spoke and said, I needed that, I got something I can work with out
of that.