How to do Child CPR – First Aid Training – St John Ambulance

How to do Child CPR – First Aid Training – St John Ambulance


If after performing a primary survey, you
find a child who is unresponsive and not breathing normally, call for help. Ask someone to phone 999 or 112, and ask them to bring an AED if one is available, while you begin CPR immediately. If you’re by yourself and do not have a speakerphone, start CPR with five initial rescue breaths, then 30
chest compressions and 2 rescue breaths for one minute before calling for help. To give rescue breaths, open the airway
by tilting the head back with one hand on the forehead and two fingers under
the chin. Pick out any obstructions from their mouth to clear the airway only if
you can clearly see something. Keeping the head in this position, pinch the
soft part of the nose. Allow the mouth to fall open. Take a deep breath and seal your mouth around theirs. Blow steadily into their mouth, giving a rescue breath in about one
second. The chest will rise. Remove your mouth from theirs and watch their chest fall. Give them five initial rescue breaths at about one breath per second, like this. To do chest compressions, kneel down by
child, beside their chest. Place only one hand on the centre of the chest. Lean over the child with your arms straight and press down vertically one-third of its
depth. Release the pressure. Allow the chest to come back up without removing your hand from
the chest. Repeat this to give 30 chest
compressions at a rate of 100 to 120 beats per minute. This is quite fast and to help you, you
can sing Nellie the Elephant, which can help you
to keep up with the pace. After thirty chest compressions, open the airway and
give them a further two rescue breaths. Continue to alternate between thirty
chest compressions and two rescue breaths until help arrives. If you’re on your own and don’t have a
speakerphone, stop after one minute and call 999 or 112 for emergency help If a mobile phone is not available and you have to move to get a telephone, take the child with you if you are able. Do not leave the child to look for an AED – the emergency services will bring one with them. If there is someone there who can help, if they brought an AED, ask them to turn it on and follow instructions while you continue CPR. If they can help you perform CPR, you can swap over every one to two minutes with
minimal interruptions to chest compressions. Continue CPR until emergency help
arrives and takes over, the child starts to show signs of becoming responsive,
they start breathing normally or opening their eyes, or you become too exhausted to
continue. If they do start breathing normally again, put them in the recovery position. So remember: if you come across a child
that’s unresponsive and not breathing normally, call for help. Tell a helper to call
999 or 112 straightaway and ask them to bring an AED. Give five initial rescue breaths Then thirty chest compressions followed by two rescue
breaths. Continue giving 30 chest compressions to 2 rescue breaths until
help arrives, or the child starts to breathe. And that’s how we perform CPR on a
child. If this video has been helpful to you,
help support St John Ambulance by going to sja.org.uk/donate

6 thoughts on “How to do Child CPR – First Aid Training – St John Ambulance”

  1. Who wouldn't like this it's great!!!!πŸ˜πŸ˜πŸ˜πŸ˜πŸ˜πŸ˜πŸ˜πŸ˜ŽπŸ˜ŽπŸ˜ŽπŸ˜ŽπŸ˜—πŸ˜˜πŸ˜˜πŸ˜˜πŸ˜˜πŸ˜˜πŸ˜˜πŸ˜‹πŸ˜‹πŸ˜‹πŸ˜‹πŸ˜‹πŸ˜‹πŸ€—πŸ€—πŸ€—πŸ€—

  2. Query- in this video the ratio of 30:2 compressions to breaths is stated. Resuscitation Council guidelines are 15:2- which is the correct ratio please?

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