Dog First Aid : Tips for Treating Kennel Cough in Dogs


What do you do if you fear that your dog has
come down with kennel cough? A
common sign of kennel cough is a hacking cough that your dog would exhibit. It sounds almost
like they are trying to clear their throat. A mild case you will have some hacking, throat
clearing action from the dog. You might have a slightly high temperature and you might
have a little bit of lethargy. If the case of kennel cough is more severe, the dog might
actually hack up phlegm. As it is coughing, it is hacking up phlegm. More serious cases
can result in hospitalization for the dog. So how do you manage this? What do you do?
If your dog is coughing and the cough is persistent and it is especially worse at night, one thing
you can do is give your dog cough syrup. So how do you give your dog cough syrup? You can different size syringes; this one
here goes up to 1/2 tablespoon.

Dog First Aid : How to Care for a Dog’s Torn Toe Nail

Dog First Aid : How to Care for a Dog’s Torn Toe Nail


So I am going to demonstrate for you how you
would bandage a torn toenail from a dog. We are working with Ty here and he has torn his
right dewclaw. Dewclaw is the nail that is upside on the leg and he has torn that completely
off. So first thing that we want to do is you can see that the hair around the dewclaw
is a little bit matted and the first thing we need to do is clean that area up. We need
to brush that hair out. Now you can shave the area if you want to. I am trying to save
the coat so I am just going to brush this area out. It is going to tender and sore so
I am being very careful to hold the hair away from the skin so I don’t hit the skin with
the brush
and it is actually matted like this because he has been licking it. Ty stop. I am going
to expose the area. Put your head down. Okay, put your head down. Okay you can see that
it is a little bit red and raw here, the area that he has been licking; the area around
the dewclaw that is missing and in fact I will scissor the hair away from this area;
make it a little bit easier to work. Okay he is very obvious sensitive in this area
so I am going to work carefully.
So this is the dewclaw here. It is a little bit swollen. The dewclaw itself is actually
missing. We are going to clean this area out here. I am going go use some Betadyne from
my first aid kit; some Betadyne and cotton. If you can leave a wound like this open for
the air to heal, that is always better but if the dog is worrying it, licking it and
causing it to swell up like this then we really do need to close it off. Before we close it
off though, I want to clean it out.

Dog First Aid : Dog First Aid Kit Advice & Tips

Dog First Aid : Dog First Aid Kit Advice & Tips


So to go over with you the items, we’ve got
our scissors,
thermometer and you want to make sure that you clearly marked that this is a dog thermometer
so that you don’t accidentally use it on humans. You want to have tape and make sure that you
actually have tape in here and you are going to have gauze that you can use to turn into
gauze pads. You can make your own gauze pads as well as vet wrap. Vet wrap is a great material
to use. It is self-adhesive so you want to have your vet wrap available. You should have
something that you can use as a muzzle to close the dogs mouth if you need to. You can
actually use a real muzzle or just some piece of material cloth that you can use to keep
the dogs mouth closed. You need to have a very good supply of cotton balls, Vaseline
to use with your thermometer, Hydrogen Peroxide. Hydrogen Peroxide you are going to use if
your dog is eaten or ingested something and need to make him vomit. Rubbing alcohol, Betadyne,
cough syrup, your care solution, activated charcoal and you can get this from most drug
stores. Not something most people typically have in their house, ear ointment; that’s
all that we have in here. You want to make sure that you have your list ready and available
and make sure that you get all of the stuff and you have one central place that you can
keep everything so that when there is an emergency and you need to give first aid to your dog,
you have everything in place and is easily found and you don’t have to think about running
around the house and locating it.

Dog First Aid : Dangers of Kennel Cough in Dogs

Dog First Aid : Dangers of Kennel Cough in Dogs


So for a smaller breed dog, I would fill the
syringe to for 1/2 tablespoon. You would open the dogs mouth, open towards the cheek and
insert it in and then you can give them the cough syrup. Probably talk to your veterinarian
about how frequently you should give the cough syryup and most veterinarian’s do recommend
giving cough syrup for severe coughing. If your dog is continuing to cough and is getting
lethargic, then you might want to put the dog on antibiotics. Again, this is something
that your vet is going to determine but it is not uncommon to put your dogs on course
of antibiotics to make sure that it doesn’t become more serious infection. If yhou find
that your dog is very lethargic and breathing very shallowly, then you want to bring them
to the veterinarian specialist. They are probably going to take lung x-rays and test with oxygen
levels. If the dog is trying to avoid coughing when coughing becomes very uncomfortable,
the dog can start to avoid coughing by taking shallow breaths and the more shallow breath
they take, the less oxygen is coming in and it will actually reduce the level of blood
oxygen in their body. So if the case becomes very extreme, the dog might need some medical
attention. They might need to have oxygen placed inter nasally. They might need to be
on IV-fluids. A kennel cough can be something that is fairly mild and dogs get over in a
day or two and it can be something that will cause your dog to wind up in the hospital
for a couple of days and we just talked about a couple of things to do to help care for
them.

Dog First Aid : What is Kennel Cough?

Dog First Aid : What is Kennel Cough?


What is kennel cough. Probably everybody has
heard that and heard from vets and if you’ve boarded your dog, you’ve heard it from places
that you board but people may not have a really good idea what is kennel cough and how your
dog can get it. Kennel cough is an illness that is a combination of viral and bacterial
infections and dogs are likely to get kennel cough when they are in places where large
numbers of dogs congregate. Dog shows are very typical place. You have dogs coming from
all over the country and they are getting together. One dog may be sick and it spreads
very very quickly. It is highly contagious. Anther place you might come across kennel
cough would be in a dog park where again you have a large number of dogs coming together.
Boarding facilities are another place kennel cough can be very prevalent. So kennel cough
again, is a mixture, a combination of viral and bacterial infections. There are two types
of vaccinations that your veterinarian can give your dog. There is a inter nasal vaccination
and that is thought to last for up to about 6 months. There is also actually an injection
which is thought to last 6 to 12 months. The problem is that if the combination of viruses
and bacterial infections that are making up the kennel cough, the common word for the
dogs illness, is always changing so these vaccinations are not a 100 percent guaranteed.
Many times dogs have actually had the vaccination will come down with kennel cough. So the best
thing you can do is be aware of where you are taking your dog. Vaccinate if your veterinarian
specialist feels like the area you are in has a lot of kennel cough going around, watch
where you take your dog. If you are not sure about the health of other dogs are present
where your dog is, avoid contact with those dogs.

Dog First Aid : How to Take a Dog’s Temperature

Dog First Aid : How to Take a Dog’s Temperature


So we are going to talk about how to take
your dog’s temperature. There are times you might notice that there is something a little
bit off of your dog and you might want to take their temperature rather than having
to depend on going to a vet. It is very simple, very easy; a little more complicated on a
hairy dog but you want to have a dog thermometer and I have this one clearly marked. I don’t
want to use it on myself or some other human by accident, so I have a doggy thermometer
and you need to have some Vaseline. Okay so I am just going to coat the bottom of the
thermometer with Vaseline. Ty, stay right here. Good boy! Coat it there with Vaseline
and I am going to turn it on, go ahead and clear. Okay, good. Ready to be inserted. Now
I have to locate the dog’s anus and as I said he is a heavy coated breed, a little bit more
difficult but not impossible. So I am just going to find the dog’s anus and I have coated
the thermometer so I can insert it into the dog’s anus and I can hold it here until the
thermometer beeps. A dog’s temperature is higher naturally; baseline temperature is
higher than humans. So a temperature of 101 to 102 is normal. This one is already up to
101.1. That is normal temperature for a dog. Nothing to be worried about. If your dog is
ancy, you might want to have another person hold the dog’s head but it is really not something
that is too uncomfortable for the dog. You can see here this guy is not too stressed
out by it and we are just going to wait here until we’ve got the beep. The thermometer
tells us it is done. I can see here that it is at 101.4 so it is still a perfectly normal
range for a dogs temperature. I would recommend getting this kind of a digital thermometer
to take your dogs temperature rather than a glass one with mercury. Okay the thermometer
has beeped. It has told us that it is ready so I can pull it out and I can read that the
temperature is 101.49 so this is in the normal range. What you want to do is after you have
taken your dog’s temperature and it is normal temperature, you know that the dog is fine
in that area. You want to clean off your thermometer with soap and water and put it back your dog
thermometer container.

Dog First Aid : How to Reduce the Risk of Bloat in Dogs

Dog First Aid : How to Reduce the Risk of Bloat in Dogs


There is a condition called bloat or torsion;
gastric torsion which is common in some breeds of dogs. More common in some than others but
certainly almost any breed dog is susceptible to it and what happens is the stomach fills
up with gas and it bloats up. The stomach lining becomes very tight and the dog is in
a lot of discomfort and torsion is when the stomach turns on its axis and twists. When
that happens, there is a serious time limit before your dog eventually dies. You need
to get to doctor or veterinarian as soon as possible. Bloat is most common in large breed
barrel shaped dogs. There is a couple of things you can do to avoid bloat. One thing is to
make sure after your dog has had a lot of exercise they don’t eat or drink huge amounts
of water. If it is very very hot out and your dog has been exercised, you want to monitor
very closely the amount of water that the dog takes in and you certainly should not
feed your dog before or after within about an hour of series of exercises. Another thing
that can reduce the risk of bloat is eating whole foods, so real foods often recommended
to feed raw meat or a cooked diet as opposed to a Kibble diet and although a number of
years ago it was thought that by feeding in raised food bowls and water bowls that it
would reduce the likelihood of bloat. There is a study that is put out by Cornell that
demonstrate that in fact that can increase the risk of bloat. The Cornell study is very
informative and I would suggest anyone with a breed of dog that may tend to bloat, read
the study, inform themselves about what bloat is, find out what the symptoms are and read
as much as you possibly can. This is a killer that hits people and their dogs and many many
people never knew what it was until it was too late.

Dog First Aid : How to Care for a Dog in Shock

Dog First Aid : How to Care for a Dog in Shock


It is important to know what to do with your
dog in the case that he goes into shock. Your dog may go into shock from a severe, dramatic
injury example by him being hit by a car. It is very important that you keep the dog
warm when he goes in shock and that you have some way of making sure you keep your mouth
closed because some dogs in shock will often bite out blindly not really intending to do
any harm but they will be biting. So we are going to use Raven here as an example. She
is conveniently laying down here as if she is in shock. You will notice that the breath
or breathing will be frequent and sometimes the dog will look like they are hyperventilating.
Often times when they are in shock you can check their gums and they will be very pale.
What you want to do with a dog that is in shock is you have to have a blanket available,
cover the dog, keep it warm. If the dog is panicking, you are going to need some way
of keeping its mouth closed. In your first aid kit, you might have a muzzle. If you don’t
have a muzzle, you can take anything you are going to wrap around the dog’s muzzle; not
so tightly they can’t breathe. You want to keep the dog warm and still and you want to
get the dog to the veterinary emergency clinic as soon as possible.

Dog First Aid : Making a Dog First Aid Kit

Dog First Aid : Making a Dog First Aid Kit


So it is important that you have a first aid
kit already prepared and everything is one spot so that you can grab it in case of an
emergency., Typically if there is an emergency situation going on, you are not going to run
around all the house and find the things that you might need to take care and help your
dog until you can get them to a veterinarian specialist. So you want to have one location
where everything is together. It doesn’t matter if it is a box, case or a bag. I am going
to be using a case right nows to demonstrate to you what the items are that you are going
to need in the case. So this is the case we are going to be looking
at. You see there is lots of room in this case to put all different stuff and I have
a list here of the different things you are going to want to have in your first aid case.
You are going to want to have a thermometer, iodine, alcohol, cotton bowls, syringe, vet
wrap, gauze, tape, scissors, tweezers, Kaopectate or some other binding agent. Pepto Bismol
is also fine, activated charcoal. You want to have the telephone number for the Poison
Control Center somewhere clear in your case, Hydrogen Peroxide and a blanket.

Dog First Aid : How to Treat an Eye Infection in a Dog

Dog First Aid : How to Treat an Eye Infection in a Dog


Sometimes dogs get eye infections. Sometimes
their eye infections are highly contagious they have gotten from other dogs and that
could be from dogs from play groups or from the park or from classes and sometimes they
get eye infections because they get particles of something in their eye and their eye gets
irritated. If you are going over your dog regularly, doing regular grooming and your
cleaning and teeth cleaning and nail caring your dog, one of the things you want to check
out is your dog’s eyes. You want to always keep the eye debris clean from the tearing
that comes out. You will often get clumps of eye gunk, you want to make sure to keep
that clean and you want to periodically look at your dog’s eye and see that it is a nice
healthy eye. If there is lots of redness in the eye or if there is a normal amount of
tearing coming out of the eye, then you are going to want to take your dog to the vet
and get medication. How do you put the medication in? You are going to take the medication and
close the eye and just swipe the medication along the closed eye. It is a good idea to
give a little bit of a massage here so it coats the entire eye. Some medication you
might get from your vet is medication that actually has to go into an open eye. In order
to do this, you might need a second person but you can also often do it yourself where
you hold the dog’s eye open and you drip the medication directly onto the eyeball. You
are going to follow the instructions of whatever medication it is your vet gives you but it
is important you notice whether your dog has an eye infection. The only really way to do
that is by going over your dog weekly and knowing what their dog’s eye typically looks
like in a healthy state and notice when it is in an infected state.