Young Hero: St John Ambulance Everyday Hero Awards

Young Hero: St John Ambulance Everyday Hero Awards


Grandad: It’s a bit of a blur. I got
up and saw my granddaughter off to uni and then went back upstairs, woke up
Logan, came down the stairs and – pow. That was it. Logan: I didn’t know he was having
a heart attack at the time. He wasn’t like himself so I knew something was definitely up. I’d done a lot of the training and it was kind of like these
situations, so I knew what I was doing, so I could relax and do what I can do. And
after I calmed nanny down it got a lot easier. Grandad: Logan’s my grandson. He’s been living with us for the last [together] 10 and a half years [laughs] He came to live with us when he lost his mum and dad couldn’t cope so we’ve been
together, we’ve grown together. Logan: I straightaway noticed that he was all
sweaty and hot and bothered, and he just wasn’t responding very well. I
loosened his collar at his neck so he could get more air, and I put him into a comfortable position. Luckily, the week before we had done the
W position, and the recovery position – all the positions that you needed. Once my Nana got on the phone and told them everything and then she passed the phone over to me
so I could answer some of the questions whilst she went round to next
door because luckily she’s a nurse. And then the ambulance turned up and it was
off to hospital. I was only on my own for like, 15 minutes?
Grandad: It was still a long time! Long long time.
Logan: I know. Grandad: When I came round and Brenda said to me, ‘Logan’s done this and done that,’ you know it was amazing, and I went, ‘Well he’s only just really begun to learn what to do,
and not to panic and to do what he’s supposed to do,’ – it was incredible really. It was my first time performing first aid other than training. I definitely recommend going through St John Ambulance to learn first aid because they’ve
helped me understand a lot and helped me get better. To know it was my granddad, I felt
more relaxed because I knew him. Grandad: We always were strong. Our relationship’s been really pretty good you know from when he was little and up to now. Logan: my Grandad means the world to me. Grandad: I think Logan saved my life. 100%.

How to Treat an Injured Bleeding Baby – First Aid Training – St John Ambulance

How to Treat an Injured Bleeding Baby – First Aid Training – St John Ambulance


As your baby crawls around your home or outside, they can very easily graze or cut themselves. Most of the time the injury will not be too bad, but sometimes there can be serious bleeding. If there is blood flowing from a wound and it doesn’t stop, your baby has severe bleeding. To treat a severe bleed, remove any clothing from the area your baby is bleeding from. If there’s something in the wound, leave it where it is and apply pressure around the wound to try to push the edges together. If there’s nothing in the wound, apply pressure directly to it with a sterile dressing or a clean, non-fluffy pad. Next you need to ask a helper to call 999 or 112 for emergency help. Or if there is no one around to help, use a mobile on speakerphone so you can keep treating your baby while you speak to the emergency services. Tell them where the bleeding is and the amount of bleeding. Apply a firm bandage around the dressing on top of the wound. It needs to maintain pressure, but not restrict the circulation. Check the circulation by pressing a fingernail on the skin around the bandage for five seconds, release the pressure and if the colour does not return within two seconds the bandage is too tight and you should loosen it. Severe bleeding can lead to shock, so make sure they are lying down on a blanket or rug to protect them from the cold and raise their legs, but don’t raise an injured leg. You could hold a small baby in the recovery position. If the blood soaks through the dressing, apply a second dressing on top of the first. If it soaks through both, remove both dressings and apply a new one. Keep checking circulation every 10 minutes. While you’re waiting for help to arrive, keep checking your baby’s breathing and level of response. So remember, if your baby has a severe bleed, apply pressure around the wound if there’s something stuck in it, or apply direct pressure to the wound if it’s clear. Call 999 or 112 for emergency help and tell them where the bleeding is and the amount. Secure the dressing and check circulation, if blood comes through apply a second dressing. But if blood comes through both, take them both off and start again. Check circulation every 10 minutes, keep checking your baby’s breathing and level of response while you wait for help. And that’s how you treat a baby who’s got a severe bleed. Thanks for watching. Help support St John Ambulance and donate today.

Emergency Survival Fire Starter Kit


So I promised you in my bug out bag video that I would do individual review of my bug out bag fire kit. So if you haven’t
seen my bug out bag video make sure you go check that out. Right now we’re just
gonna go over the fire kit. First I want to go over the pouch, this is a
condor rip away medical pouch, the smaller version. And I do use one of
these for the first aid kit in my bug out bag but it’s such a good pouch i also also use it for my fire kit. Just a
little bit about that, it has this MOLLE panel on the back, that’s so you can strap
it to your backpack or any other MOLLE gear you. The way it works is, it has this strap here that you undo. So if you have this on the outside of a backpack or something like
that and you need quick access to it, all you have to do is grap it and it rips away right off this velcro panel here. So that way you can have it securely attached to your backpack but
it’s not so permanently attached that you have to undo all the MOLLE to get to it. You can just rip it away.
If you look on the outside the pouch, it does have a velcro panel on
the front that you can put a patch on. It also has MOLLE webbing on the front so you can attach another smaller pouch to the front of it if you needed to. I also replaced the zippers with some camo paracord and also rapped paracord around the handle. You know, it’s mainly for looks but it also gives you another source of cordage if you
need it. Now on the inside it has elastic straps on this side that you can put anything you want into. It also has a pocket down here in the
back and it has another strap on this side, a little bit larger to secure a little bit
larger items. On this side i keep a smaller fire kit. Its kind of its on compact fire kit by itself, so if for
some reason I needed to get rid of my whole backpack, fire kit and everything This is small enought that I can just throw it in a pocket and keep going. Now inside of this… In the top here and just have a nice bundle of twine for fire starter, I also have a couple packs of Wetfire fire starter. A small piece of fat lighter wood, a ferrocerium rod and striker, a small Bic lighter… Also have a tube of waterproof matches. I have two cotton balls shoved in the top for more tender and just a whole bunch of
waterproof matches down on the inside. Now on the other side here, I have one emergency candle. These are supposed to burn for a really long time. Now this thing here is really cool, you can get get these from Walmart and what this is, is a fire puck. The way this works… you take this plastic off the outside and it
has a striker on the inside and you strike the top of this thing and essentially it
burns like a flare, and it’ll burn really really hot for about five minutes.
And what that’s good for is if you need to get a fire started and maybe all you
have is wet wood to work with, this thing burns so hot that it would give you a
better chance of getting that fire started even with wet wood. Right here i just have a have a small camera film tube, and this has about 10 cotton balls in it soaked in Vaseline, just another source of tender. Next, in this green tube, this is also watertight… in the top here I keep a small piece off of a fire starter brick, and a bunch of small pieces of fat lighter wood. Over here on the side, I have just another full size Bic lighter. And over here on the other side I keep a small backup knife, that can be used for making small wood shavings if you need that as an additional source to get a fire started.
And in this back pocket here… I have an extra fuel cube for my Esbit stove, now i can use this as a backup for the stove or I can just use it as another fire starter. A regular pack of matches. Now that’s it for this kit Now im gonna go outside and demonstrate a few of these
fires starting methods for you. Alright guys, now we’re gonna try out some of these fire starting techniques. The first thing I want to try is … the Wetfire. I’m just gonna shave off a little bit of it there. Lets see if we can get that thing to take a spark… get off some of that black coating on there… That’s obviously not getting it, so lets try getting a little bit more shavings in there, see if that helps any. There we go, now that’s burning pretty good. Lets get a little bit of tender on there… Now, while that’s going, I wanna try one of these little Esbit cubes. Now I think this is pretty much the same kind of thing. Lets see if we can get that one to take a spark. Lets try the same thing we did with the other, and maybe shave off a little bit of it. See if that helps any… Now it looks like its wanting to start but, I’m having a lot trouble getting that Esbit cube to start. Lets just give it a try with the old trusty Bic lighter, and see what that does. Aight, now you may not be able to see that in the camera, but that is burning now. Of course we did have to use a lighter to get it going, but it is burning now. Now obviously these matches are gonna work, well, lets hope they are. And Im just gonna try the matches on some of this fire starter brick stuff that I have here. I’m just gonna break off a little bit of that right here. I don’t know if you can tell, but that stuff is burning. Add a little something to accelerate that a little bit. Next thing a wanna try is one of these Vaseline cotton balls. And I really wanna see if this thing is gonna take a spark. So what you’re supposed to do is kinda… Fluff up the cotton ball a little bit, pull the fibers apart. And lets see if that cotton ball is gonna catch a spark. There it goes. That was actually the easiest one so far, the Vaseline soaked cotton ball actually caught up the fastest. The last one I wanna try is just this twine, this is supposed to be a pretty good accelerate. But what you have to do is pull all those fibers apart get them separated so it’s not so dense. Maybe even use your
knife to kinda rough it up. And get is kinda like this here. Now I know I can get that going with a lighter, but i wanna try that with a ferrocerium rod also Wow, yeah, that twine caught up fast, but its also burning up pretty fast, so you defiantly wanna have something handy close by, to get your fire started once that twine catches. Now as you can see all of these worked
pretty good. Some worked better than others but obviously you can use any of these to help you get a fire started. Hey guys, I just realized I was about to forget to show you the fire puck, and that’s one of the coolest ones So, I definitely show you guys that. You just strike it across there, you will hold it firmly And that thing is gonna burn really long and really hot. Now look how hot that thing is burning now, you can even hear it. Like I said its almost like a flare burning its so hot. Alright guys, now some people may say that having all this is overkill, and maybe it is, but I do recommend at least having three ways to start a fire in your bag. You never know if you have to use your bug out bag or get home bag when you may have to stop somewhere for the night and if its cool outside or cold outside your’re definitely gonna want a way to get a fire started, a way to get some food cooked. Ill say you can never have too many ways to start a fire. And like I said make sure you go check out my full bug out bag video. I have a full run down of everything i keeping the bug out bag, in
addition to my fire kit. I hope you all enjoyed it you have any other recommendations
please put it in the comments below and we’ll see you next time.

Easy Fire Starters Alcohol Swab Prep Pads

Easy Fire Starters Alcohol Swab Prep Pads


easy emergency survival fire starters from alcohol prep pads swabs start a fire shtf emergency survival fire starters must have first aid prepping supplies hi it’s AlaskaGranny Alaska Prepper are you looking for
a simple way to have fire startesr in a little tiny pocket emergency survival kit Altoids can there are lots of ways
to start fires in emergency survival situations and alcohol prep pad swabs are fire starters that are more compact than others alcohol prep pads are great fast lighting burn hot and long make easy emergency fire camp fire put them in pocket sized emergency kits put together Altoids emergency survival kits with a very tiny fire starters that really work included with your Bug Out gear a simple way to start a fire with emergency gear is to include an alcohol prep pad alcohol swab wet alcohol wipes are small you can see an alcohol swab or prep pad from first aid supplies takes up almost no room in an Altoids emergency survival kit can yet might be just the thing to put into your
bug out bag and even into your camping and outdoor gear prepping supplies because they are such a
great way to start a fire easy fast hot fire in an emergency situation with one little alcohol swab prep pad packet how do alcohol pads work to start a fire the
alcohol is the fuel for the fire starter and the little gauze pad works like a wick holds the alcohol in
that is going to continue to burn for a substantial amount of time to start a fire in any weather or emergency how well an alcohol swab works as a fire starter all you do is light
it and get a large hot flame from just that one little alcohol prep pad swab make sure you’re
ready to light the fire when you tear open the alcohol prep pad package because the alcohol tends to
evaporate rather quickly you can see that it burns for a substantial amount
of time burns for several minutes with a big enough flame that you can build your fire bigger add new tinder and kindling to keep
your fire going and get a big fire going even in emergency survival situations if you need it try using some alcohol prep pad swabs with your emergency gear and see if it doesn’t help you light a fire
quickly in a compact way learn more at alaskagranny.com please subscribe to the AlaskaGranny channel

How to do CPR – British Heart Foundation

How to do CPR – British Heart Foundation


Hi, I’m Emily
And I’m Ashraf And we’re going to show you how easy it is
to learn CPR; CPR is short for cardiopulmonary resuscitation, so it’s no wonder that people
call it CPR. What it’s reminding you to do is call, push, rescue. Call 999; push on the
chest and give rescue breaths. CPR is something very simple and easy to learn,
something that you can do to keep blood flowing to a person’s body and brain when their heart
has stopped beating, this is known as a cardiac arrest.
A cardiac arrest is the ultimate medical emergency and without immediate help that person will
not survive. Now there are lots of myths around CPR that
often stop people from getting involved and trying resuscitation, they’re afraid they’ll
hurt the person and make the situation worse, but if that person has had a cardiac arrest
they will die within minutes unless someone helps them immediately, so then there is nothing
to lose by trying. And don’t worry about breaking ribs, it’s possible
that this could happen, but a broken rib is far better than not surviving.
And no one has ever been successfully sued in the UK for helping out in an emergency Some people can also be nervous about doing rescue breaths, sometimes call mouth to mouth,
on a complete stranger. This doesn’t have to stop you from helping because you can just
do chest compressions, which is known as hands only CPR. The chances are you are most likely
to resuscitate someone you know, like a friend or a family member, so we’ll teach you rescue
breaths because that helps the person even more and you have the choice. So if you do happen to be in the right place
at the right time, we really want you to feel confident about getting involved.
Because the worst thing you can do is nothing. Ok, lets start practising. First place your manikin in front of you like this. The manikin’s chest should be at your knees with its head to one side Now to help you practice more
easily there’s a little tab under the chest, which says hard and soft. Can you see it? When it’s pulled out it activates a clicker that helps you know hard and deep to push,
but you can turn the clicker sound of by pushing the tab in like this. But leave it on for
now, make sure it’s pulled out so the word hard is showing. Now when you push down deep
enough you’ll hear a click. Let’s warm up with one of the most important parts first
which is pushing on the chest. Watch Ashraf to see where your hands should be placed.
Place the heel of one hand on the centre of the chest, place the heel of the other hand
on the top of the first and interlock your fingers. Lean over the chest with your arms
straight down. Ok now you do it. Place the heel of one hand on the centre of the chest,
place the heel of the other hand on the top of the first and interlock your fingers, just
as Ashraf is doing. And now with your arms straight push down, and let the chest rise
all the way up again. Are you pushing straight down? Don’t worry about making mistakes, this
is just practice make, sure that the heel of your hand is in the centre of the chest, try
leaning further over the manikin if you don’t hear a click and remember to keep your arms
straight. If you pushing hard enough you’ll hear a click. Alright, you’ve just done one
of the most important parts of CPR, pumping blood around the body. Now let’s warm up some more with another part of CPR. Breathing, that is breathing for the other
person. To do this we’ll need to open the manikins air way and breath into its mouth.
Watch Ashraf for a moment while he shows you where to put your hands. Ease the head back
with one hand on the forehead whilst lifting the chin with two fingers of your other hand.
Ok, now you try. One hand on the forehead, the finger of the other under the chin. Be
careful not to put you hand or arm on the manikin’s neck otherwise air won’t come
in and out, have you got that? Good. Now watch Ashraf for a moment while he shows you how
to get air in to the manikin, use the hand on the forehead to pinch the nose and then
completely cover the manikin’s mouth with your own and blow in a breath, like this.
Breath the air in for about one second, you’ll know the air is going to right place is you
see the chest rise. Ok, now try that with us. One hand on the forehead with two fingers
of the other hand under the chin, keeping your hand away from the neck and pinch the nose, cover the mouth with your and blow in for about one second. Ok,
now let’s try a few breaths to make sure you’ve got it. Did you see the chest rise?
Good, try it two more times. And remember to keep the head tilted, your hand away from
the neck and pinch the nose as you breathe into its mouth. After the first breath let
the chest go back down and follow it with another breath. Great, let’s do two last breaths. It may not seem like but you’ve already learned the key skills of doing CPR, pushing on the chest
and breathing. Let’s try them together for a little bit. First let’s push on the chest 30 times just like we did before. Put the heel of your hand on the centre of the manikin’s chest,
lock your fingers together, keep your elbows straight and push the chest down at least 5cm. Do this
30 times. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30. Once again, tilt the head, lift the chin keeping
your hand away from manikin’s the neck, pinch the nose, completely cover the manikin’s mouth with yours and
blow in for about one second. Blow in enough air to make the chest rise, once the chest
goes back down, do it again. Did you see the manikin’s chest rise? Push on the chest
again, 30 times. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 are you pushing down at least 5 cm? 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30. Make sure you push hard and fast on the chest. Keep doing sets of 30 pushes on the chest
and two breaths until the ambulance personnel take over. You’re getting the feel of how to do the pushing and the breathing sequence of CPR, now I want
to show you a couple of steps that lead up to doing that, how do you know if the person
really needs you to push on their chest or breath for them in the first place watch us
for a moment. let’s say we have just arrived to a scene where someone’s collapsed, after
making sure it’s safe to approach your casualty. The first thing you should do is gently shake
the person’s shoulders and shout something. “Hello! Can you hear me?”
If the person doesn’t move of wake up, their unconscious and we’d better shout for help,
shout loudly to try to attract attention. If someone is nearby, as them to wait, you
may need their help. “Help! I need some help over here!”
You now need to check if they are breathing normally, follow along and do it with us,
ease the head back and lift the chin, just like you’ve already practiced, then get close
to check for breathing. Did you see the chest rising? Can you hear anything? Do you feel
any breath? If the casualty is not breathing or is only making occasional gasps it is not
normal breathing. If you do see, hear or feel regular breaths
you’ll need to put the casualty in the recovery position, we’ll show you how to do that in
another chapter of the DVD. Ok, let’s try that sequence again. Ready? We’re going to
shake and shout, look for movement or other response shout for help and check for normal
breathing. “Are you alright? Can you hear me?”
“Help! I need so help over here!” To determine whether they are breathing normally
look, listen and feel for no more than 10 seconds. There not breathing, if the person
is not breathing normally you’ll need to get some help. If there’s someone else around,
quickly tell them to get help. Say it like you mean it.
“You! Call an ambulance and get a defibrillator. Tell them this person is unconscious and not
breathing” If no one’s around you’ll have to call for
an ambulance yourself. “Ambulance service please. I have someone
who isn’t breathing.” The operator will ask you some important questions,
so help can be sent quickly and to the right place, if possible use the speaker option
on your phone, the emergency operator can usually coach you through the steps of CPR
so don’t hang up the phone unless you are told to do so. Ok, now you try. Make sure
you practice all the steps. You have just found someone who has collapsed, it’s safe
to approach so gently shake the person’s shoulders and shout.
“Are you alright? Can you hear me?” The person doesn’t move or wake up, shout
for help loudly. “Help! I need some help over here!”
Ok, that’s good. Check if their breathing normally. They’re not breathing.
“You! Call an ambulance and get a defibrillator. Tell them this person is unconscious and not
breathing” After you’ve called for an ambulance or sent
someone else to call, start pushing on the chest, just like you did before, and put your
hands in the centre of the manikin’s chest. Keep your elbows straight and press the chest
down at least 5cm. Do this 30 times. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14
,allow the chest to rise back up completely between compressions, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26,
27, 28, 29, 30. And now give two breaths.
30 more pushes. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, keep your arms straight
as you push it makes it a lot easier, 17, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28,
29, 30. And now two more breaths. Continue pushing on the chest 30 times followed by two breaths for as long as you can, until
qualified help arrives or casualty starts to breath normally again. For practice, now that you’ve learned this very simple life saving skill, we’ll do it
together all the way through the steps of CPR. From the discovery, to the arrival of medical professionals This time Emily will run through the
procedure with you. Are you ready? Begin. “Hello? Are you alright? Can you hear me?
Help! I need some help over here!” No breathing “You! Call an ambulance and get a defibrillator. Tell them this person is unconscious
and is not breathing” Start pushing on the chest.
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, keep your arms straight as you push it makes it a lot easier,
17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30.
And now give two breaths. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13,
14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30.
Two breaths again. Make sure the chest rises. Good news. Help has arrived and has taken over doing the CPR. Now we’ll turn of the clicking sound so that you get to practice without any help from
the manikin clicker, push the tab in completely. Let’s go through the whole sequence again
from the discovery till the arrival of help. Be sure to push hard and fast on the chest.
“Hello? Are you alright? Can you hear me? Help! I need some help over here!” “You! Call an ambulance and get a
defibrillator. Tell them this person is unconscious and not breathing”
Start pushing on the chest, do it along to the beat of the music. Are you pushing down at least 5 cm? Keep your arms straight as you push it makes it a lot
easier. 2 breaths again, make sure the chest rises. Allow the
chest to rise back up completely between compressions, Ok, well done. You’re doing brilliantly. So there you have it, CPR and all its basic lifesaving simplicity. That wasn’t so bad
was it? Now you know have to give immediate help to an adult whose heart has stopped beating. Let’s hope you never have to use CPR, but if the situation arises where help is needed,
don’t hesitate. You know what to do. If you see an adult that has collapsed, but
you uncomfortable with doing the breathing part go ahead and do the other skills. Check
for responsiveness, shout for help, check for normal breathing, phone for an ambulance,
and keep pushing on the chest hard and fast. That’s better than doing nothing at all.
Please don’t just stand around, thinking that someone else can do it better or that you’re
going to mess it up, and if in doubt when you call for an ambulance they can talk you
through CPR if you’re unsure or have forgotten anything. Remember, a person that has stopped breathing cannot get better without immediate help and
now you know how to provide that help. Thanks for your time; we really help you feel
more confident about helping someone in an emergency.
All you need to remember call push rescue. Now when someone asks you, what you did today?
Give them this kit. So they can learn CPR too.

What to do if Your Baby has a Burn or Scald – First Aid Training – St John Ambulance

What to do if Your Baby has a Burn or Scald – First Aid Training – St John Ambulance


As your baby crawls or toddles around exploring the world, they may come into contact with something that can burn or scald them.
A burn is usually caused by dry heat, like a flame or a fire, a hot iron, or sunburn.
A scald is caused by wet heat, like steam or a hot cup of tea.
If your baby has a burn or scald you might see some of these signs.
They may cry or have pain in the area They may have a reddened, swollen patch of skin They may have blisters
Or they may have peeling skin If you think your baby has a burn or scald,
move them away from the source of the heat. Cool the burn or scald by running it under
cold water, for at least 10 minutes. Don’t use ice, gels or creams on the area
– they can damage the affected skin and increase the risk of infection.
Remove the clothing from around the burn. If the clothing is stuck to the skin, don’t try to remove it. Cover the burn with cling film or a clean plastic bag. Get rid of the first few centimeters, place a single sheet over the burn and scrunch the edges. But don’t wrap it around the limb.This protects it from infection. Always seek medical advice if your baby has a burn or a scald.
If the burn or scald is on the baby’s face, hands or feet, or if the injured area is larger
than the size of the baby’s hand, or if it is a deep burn, then it’s a serious
burn or scald. Serious burns or scalds need emergency treatment,
so call 999 or 112. While you wait for the ambulance, treat your
baby for shock if necessary. So remember, move them away from the heat Cool the burn with water for at least 10 minutes. Protect the burn with cling film.
Call 999 or 112 for an ambulance. And that’s how you treat a baby with a burn
or scald. Thanks for watching, help support St John Ambulance, donate today

Nose Bleed First Aid

Nose Bleed First Aid


– Nose bleeds. Nose bleeds are incredibly common. Particularly with small children who have little blood
vessels inside their noses and when they run around and get hot, those blood vessels expand and dilate, and they burst. They’re tiny little blood vessels but they can produce a lot of blood because your face is very vascular. So what you need to do if somebody’s having a nose bleed, is sit them down, lean them forward, and hold their nose. In holding their nose, what you are doing, is applying pressure to
the outside of the nose to try and squeeze the blood vessel inside against this sort of brittle
on the side of your nose, to stop the bleeding. And it takes about 10
minutes worth of pressure to stop the bleeding properly. So, if it’s quite a severe nose bleed, you would expect to be sitting there, and holding their nose
for a good 10 minutes. So if they’re old enough
to hold it themselves then fantastic. Lean them forward, ideally over a bowl or
a sink or something, or have something to catch the blood. Don’t be tempted to put their head back, because all that would happen there, is that the blood will go
down the back of their throat, and it will make them feel sick. You also can’t see whether or not you have
stopped the bleeding if they’re back. Where as when they’re forward
you can see quite clearly. So you hold it for 10 minutes. When you let go, if it starts again, you’ll need to hold it again, and then hold it again further
if it’s still bleeding. If they’re not losing
huge amounts of blood, it will feel like a lot, but if it’s not huge amounts of the blood, then it will stop eventually. If you think their nose might be broken, then obviously they will need
to be taken to hospital to, to get it seen to. But you will still need to apply pressure to stop the blood coming out. If you have a very severe nose bleed and you honestly can’t
stop it with the pressure, then they may need some
medical support and help.

How to Make a First Aid Kit : Electrolyte to Include in Your First Aid Kit

How to Make a First Aid Kit : Electrolyte to Include in Your First Aid Kit


For certain trips for example if you’re going
into the dessert for a hiking up in the mountains, in the dessert, if your going for long long
camping trips in areas where it’s very humid or hot and you are doing a lot of sweating
or even if you’re just doing some exercise that causes you a lot of sweating and loosing
a lot of fluid then you want to replenish your electrolytes, that’s your sodium, your
potassium, your glucose in your body to prevent any dehydration. So, if you can get hold of
these packages or anything that this is, for example, is called oral rehydration salts
that would be very good to include into your kit. I will show you how to use this but you
can also get this in tablet form, too. So, basically tablet form is a compressed form
of the loose powder and this is the loose powder form. And, in this package it contains
sodium chloride, which is the chemical name for salt, potassium chloride, and glucose.
So,here it says, directions: How to Use. Very simple, it says dissolve in 1 liter drinking
water. But, for example, sometimes kids don’t like to drink things that taste icky, so you
can also put it in orange juice, any kind of juice, fruit juice, and let it dissolve
in there and you really wouldn’t tast it at all. So, it’s, the kids are more inclined
to drink it. But, anyway here, it’s very simple, I’ll show you. You just get a liter of water,
but here we just got a sample, a cup of water, and of course this is when a pair of scissors
comes in handy because it you don’t have a pair of scissors I guess you’ll have to resort
to using your teeth. But, which I am going to do but I don’t have strong teeth. So, if
we, if we, if we can find a pair of scissors, which we should have, oh, here it is, so here
see, pair of scissors, I told you is very important item. If you don’t have strong teeth
like me so, very easy, open it up, and here we go. We will then just pour into the water
and give it a stir and this is when if you have a depressor if you don’t have any sort
of like catheter, you can always improvise, that’s why it’s always good if you can get
one of these tongue depressors in your kit because you can always use it as a stirer.
See, so these things in the kit, these items, you can improvise and use them, it’s like
survival techniques so here we go, this is my stirer and let it dissolve and I’m going
to taste it. See what it tastes like. I haven’t tried this brand, let’s see. See what it tastes
like, it’s better to have ice.
Yes, it’s better to put into orange juice or something that’s sweet because it’s like
drinking a pot of salt. But, it’s good for you though when you’re dehydrated. You don’t
want to end up in the ER, right, so, alright, there we go. Rehydration.

What to Put in your First Aid Kit | Fist Aid for Pets

What to Put in your First Aid Kit | Fist Aid for Pets


– Hello, I’m Emma Hammett
from firstaidforpets.net, and today I’m going to
give you a brief overview as to what you should have
in your pet first aid kit. First of all, we should all
have a human first aid kit in the house and in the car. And inside this sort of kit, you have useful bits and pieces that you’ll be able to use on your pet and on fellow humans. There are extra things
that we’ll be talking about to have in your pet first aid kit. But in your basic human first aid kit, you can use some of these bandages, although you’ll be covering
them with some vet wrap, which we will show you here, so that they won’t chew
through it as easily. You’ve got the basics that you can make an
improvised muzzle from it. You’ve got some saline that you can irrigate a wound with. You’ve got triangular bandages that are incredibly useful
just to stop bleeding. You’ve got big tough-cut
scissors that you can use to just cut round fur so
that you can clean a wound. You’ve got a foil blanket in
there that you can sit them on. You’ve got gauze that you can
actually use to stop bleeding. So you’ve got useful
bits and pieces in here that you can use for pets and for humans. So make sure you’ve got a good quality kit with good quality triangular bandages, ordinary bandages, crepe bandage, saline. You can use some of this kit on pets, but please don’t be tempted
to give human medication to pets without clear
veterinary advice and support. Right, in your little pet first aid kit that
you can strap to your belt or just have in your bag,
in a little rucksack, you need some vet wrap. So if you are using one
of your ordinary bandages or one of these little bandages
that you can have in here so that if you’re out and
about and there is a problem that you can stop any
bleeding and sort out quickly. Can use this as an
improvised muzzle as well if you needed to or to
bandage anything else that is bleeding or having a problem. There’s a pad on here too that
you can use to stop bleeding. Can bandage over with the vet wrap, which is really good tough, sticking to yourself bandage. Invaluable to have out with you. You should have some scissors. You should have a foil
blank, a triangular bandage, which is really useful for stopping bleeding, tying things up. Just different sort of bandaging you can do with this. It’s a really useful bit of kit. It’s the triangle that all
the Scouts and the Guides use because it’s so useful. You want to have saline in here. You can fit a lot in this little bag. Your foil blanket, which
will keep them warm. So if they are bleeding or they’re seriously ill or injured and the risk of going into shock, you need to keep them warm and dry. And also, this foil bandage will, foil blanket will protect your car or anything else to hold up sort of secretions and things if they’re bleeding or
have diarrhea or whatever. It can protect things as well,
so it’s multiple-function. Gloves. Really important. Help you with all sorts of things, particularly if you’re
dealing with bleeding or any other vomit or whatever else is coming
out of your beloved pet. Gloves are great. So we’ve got your bandage. And you’ve also got a face shield. So if you are doing dog CPR, or indeed you could use
this for human CPR as well, you’ve got a face shield in
here that just protects you when you are doing that
mouth to snout resuscitation. So have your ordinary first aid kit at home and one in your car, and have this out and about with you so that if something happens
and you need to help your pet, whether you’re right in
the middle of nowhere, that you’ve got the basic
kit to be able to help them because, don’t forget, first aid helps preserve life, it prevents things worsening, and it helps you get them better. So prompt and appropriate first aid will actually reduce the
amount of pain and suffering that your pet will experience,
and it can help you prevent minor injuries
becoming major ones. And if you know what you’re doing, sometimes, very often, you
can actually obviate the need to go to the vet at all. A lot of the time you will
still need to go to the vet, but sometimes you can treat and look after them yourselves. So that’s Emma Hammett. I hope that’s useful. I’m from firstaidforpets.net.