First Aid for Knocked Out Teeth

First Aid for Knocked Out Teeth


– Hello, I’m Emma Hammett
the founder and CEO of First Aid for Life,
firstaidforlife.org.uk. Today I’m going to cover what to do if you find someone has had a mouth injury. If they were cycling along and someone opened the car
door is a real classic one and they go straight into the door, it can knock out their teeth. If it’s a child playing at the swings and the swing flies up
and hits them in the face or they run into the side of a table, a small table or something,
they tripped over one of my son’s friends,
someone was playing a joke and they slapped him on the back and he went straight into his desk and knocked his front teeth out. If the tooth has come out in
its entirety, it can be saved. The priority however is
if you’ve got someone who has had a head injury. So if they’ve been hit hard in the face, do think that they may
well have some degree of whiplash and that they
could have a head injury. Those would be more serious injuries than the superficial injury
that is quite alarming because there will be a lot of blood because mouths bleed a lot
because they’re very vascular. Don’t be distracted
immediately by the blood loss. It’s more important to
just work out whether you think that they have had
a very serious head injury and could have any degree of spinal damage or head injury side of
things because of that. If it is just a mouth injury, then you’re priority will
be to stop the bleeding. Get them ideally to bite on something. A bit of clean non-fluffy cloth, whatever you happen to have. Clean non-fluffy, if you’re
a Mum you’ll probably have a muslin nappy,
well if you’re a new Mum, with you, that would be
great if it was a clean one. Get them to bite on that. If there are loose teeth, if they’re able to remove it themselves
then that would be good. If it is completely
loose and has fallen out. Any tooth that is there
with the root on it as I said before can be saved. Any bits of teeth that have been snapped, then I’m afraid you won’t be
able to do anything with those. If might still be worth
popping them in your pocket and taking them with you when you take the casualty to a good
dentist or a dental hospital. Your priority is to stop the bleeding. Get them to bite on a cloth. If you have a wrapped ice pack
that will reduce any swelling and then the key thing
then is to get them help. For the tooth itself, if
it has been knocked out in its entirety, if it
is popped into some milk, or some saliva, so you can
get them to spit into a pot, or you could spit into a pot, or if you are a loving
parent and you’re somewhere where there isn’t any milk or
a pot that you can spit into, you could put a child’s tooth
in the side of your mouth so long as you’re sure you’re
not going to swallow it. That saliva can keep that tooth alive until you get the casualty and the tooth to a good quality interventive dentist or a dental hospital where they can see whether
or not they can reimplant it. It’s unlikely they will
reimplant milk teeth. Very occasionally they
do, but it’s unlikely. But if it is a permanent tooth and it hasn’t got damaged and they feel that it is likely to take, then you’ve given them
the very best chance to be able to reimplant it. Don’t wash the tooth, don’t touch the root if you can avoid it. Just handle it very carefully
and get as quickly as you can for them to be treated. Don’t forget they have had a head injury so keep a lookout for
signs of anything unusual for the next 24 to 48 hours because you’re looking for after affects from the head injury. I hope that’s been helpful. That’s Emma Hammett
firstaidforlife.org.uk. There’s many more free
resources on our website.

First Aid for Schools: What do you Need?

First Aid for Schools: What do you Need?


Hello, I’m Emma Hammett
from First Aid for Life. Today, I’m going to talk to you about the first aid requirements in schools. Now in schools, it’s really important that you make appropriate first aid cover, provide appropriate first aid provision to comply with the Health
and Safety Executive for you as a business, as a school and to comply with the Ofsted, or if you’re a private school with the equivalent to
Ofsted requirements, in order to ensure that your staff and the children are safe and you have the necessary provision if
an accident should happen. It’s a legal requirement
for all businesses to make appropriate first aid provision and that is governed by the
Health and Safety Executive. So there is HSE provision
that needs to be covered and the Ofsted, so it’s
two different areas. And your duty of care, in terms of the Health and Safety Executive governs you as an employer and the safety and well-being of your employees. Now even if it was an individual running a business as
it was when I started up my first aid training business, you still need to make appropriate
provision for first aid. Now obviously in a school,
there’s going to be many more people than one person. But you need to make sure that you are caring for the welfare, you have appropriate audits to ensure that you have worked what
cover you actually need concerning the risks and that you have to go through exactly how
many buildings you have. So, if there’s a discreet location then that should have its own first aid cover and provision, as well. So, really important
that you’re taking note and making sure that you are looking at all the risks and the
sort of things that you do. So obviously, if you’re a Forest School, you’ll have even more
complex risk assessment that needs to be done in order to clarify exactly what first aid cover you need. You also, as well as your first aid cover, you need to ensure that you have appropriate numbers of first aid kits. Again, making sure that you have cover for discreet locations and it is also strongly recommended, not a legal requirement as yet, but strongly recommended that
you have a defibrillator. They do make a huge difference if you do have someone
who has cardiac arrest on site for whatever reason. If you’re able to get a defibrillator on their chest within three minutes and they’re in a shockable rhythm, the odds of them surviving
jumps from 6% to 74%. So, it’s a no brainer really. You need to make sure you’re looking at all those sides of things. If you’re a primary school
with an early years setting, some of your staff will need to do a 12 hour paediatric course and some of your staff will need to make sure that they complying with the Health and Safety
Executive requirements to ensure that you have the right number of First Aiders to look after your staff. So, we need to make sure. I can see some people coming on and saying, “Hello,” on
this, so thank you very much. Hello to you, too. So, I hope this is being useful. In terms of the duties of a First Aider, they need to, obviously, administer the first aid and make
sure that they can decide whether you need an ambulance or not. You need to make sure that people are appropriately trained
to be able to help in a variety of situations. Ideally, they’re going
to be covering instances such as playground incidents. So, you need to make sure that they know when it is appropriate. Obviously it’s a school, you don’t want ambulances called willy-nilly. A, it’s not great for your
school and its reputation. And B, it’s a complete waste of resources if they are unnecessary. So, you need someone appropriately trained to make the right decisions as to when an ambulance is necessary and when the First Aider themselves can be dealing with situation. Please don’t be tempted to pop a child into the car and drive
them to the hospital. If it’s a less serious problem, then the parent can come in
and take them to their GP or to a walk-in centre to be looked at. If it is a serious problem, you
obviously need an ambulance. But in terms of insurance
cover and things, it is not a good idea to
drive them in yourself. You need to make sure that you’ve got appropriate First Aiders,
so those are people that have done a regulated course, that are able to provide first aid. And ideally, you would
also have a larger number of people trained in basic first aid so that they can assist and support the First Aider and,
again, that they can know whether it is something really serious and whether it’s
something that needs to go to the First Aider, if
they’re on playground duty. Or whether it’s something that’s, just a sort of, bit of
cajoling and they will be okay. Now make sure, as well,
that everybody knows about asthma inhalers
and how to help them, where the child should
have their asthma inhaler, if they’re allowed to have them on them. Ideally that would be great
so that if they are having an asthma attack, they
have immediate access. The same with adrenaline auto-injectors. People should all be able to recognise the signs and symptoms,
so please make sure your dinner staff are
trained up to that, as well. Make sure that they know how to help if someone’s choking too. The thing about first aid
is you want to make sure that you’re treating things immediately and that way it isn’t a drama. If somebody is choking in the dinner hall and they’re able to identify that it is serious choking,
the child can’t cough and they’re able to put
their hand on their back and give them five hard back blows and dislodge the obstruction before there’s any
drama that has occurred, then isn’t that better than having to rush and wait for the First Aider? And then, “Oh my goodness.” The problem is dealt with and it’s sorted. The idea is you have enough people who are first aid trained
throughout your school so that they are able to identify quickly if something’s serious or not
and treat it appropriately. Make sure that children that have individual health care plans so they’re asthmatic,
maybe they’re epileptic. Epileptic, asthmatic
or they have a history of anaphylaxis, make sure
that that is flagged up to all the relevant
staff so that they know what they should do and how to get the medication to the child quickly and how to help them to treat it. Make sure that if there’s school trips that there is an appropriate First Aider on the trip and, also, make sure it isn’t your only First Aider that is going off on the trip so that the school is kept short, is short of First Aiders. You need to make sure that
you have enough people so that you have at least
one person per 50 people, at the very least, that
is available at all times and that is including cover for holidays and sickness and being off-site
and in different sites. If your First Aider is
down on the sports pitch, you need to make sure that you have another First Aider up in the main school. There should be a designated medical room that children can go to and accidents do need to be recorded appropriately, on the right forms. And, you can get some great forms that allow you to keep a
copy without rewriting it. I’ve been to schools before where they’ve been photocopying the forms. There’s no need, you
can get the right forms that are all sorted and
there are various systems, as well, that can help you with this. I hope that’s helpful. That’s just a brief overview. We’ve got lots more information on our blogs, on First Aid for Life and in the article I’ve written for the British Journal of School Nursing on exactly what the first aid
requirements are in schools. And don’t forget, as well, that first aid is now part of the curriculum. So make sure that you have
made the right provision for your children to be properly trained. Please don’t just do lip service to this. Make sure that you’ve
gone through a system, either to get them an online course or a practical course in order to ensure that these skills are taught properly. I hope that’s been helpful. That’s Emma Hammett
from First Aid for Life.

10 Reasons to Learn First Aid | Jan 2019

10 Reasons to Learn First Aid | Jan 2019


– Hello, I’m Emma Hammett from First Aid for Life
and onlinefirstaid.com. And today I’m going to talk to you about why first aid and learning first aid is just so important. It is absolutely vital that more and more of us
are equipped with the skills and the confidence to be able to help if something happens and the more we know, the more likely we are to be able to prevent accidents happening and be more risk aware as well. So, I’m just going to go
through 10 compelling reasons that first aid can make
a massive difference from saving lives to reducing pain, to feeling empowered and having
a degree of legacy about you and the whole lot, let me
go through it very briefly. So, a few things to say first of all – eight out of 10 parents surveyed admitted they wouldn’t know basic
first aid procedures to save someone’s life or save one of their children’s lives. That’s pretty scary stuff and that means that if any of
us have an accident out there that the likelihood of
other people knowing how to help us is pretty small as well. Significantly fewer people in the UK know how to help someone’s life, save someone’s life in an emergency compared with the likes of
Scandinavia, for example. And consequently our
survival rates are lower. It doesn’t take long to
learn these basic skills and we can make it really easy for you. There are so many free
resources on our sites that can help you. We also have online first aid courses, free ones and paid ones and we have practical courses that you can either come to
one of our scheduled courses or we can run a bespoke
one at one of your homes. So, it really is easy and it benefits you and it benefits society as a whole and it benefits your family, so it’s a win-win-win all round. So, key things, reason number one, first aid saves lives. So, a recent survey by the Red Cross showed that 59% of deaths from injuries could have been prevented with immediate first aid, so that’s pretty compelling stuff to start off with. Reason two, appropriate
first aid given competently and immediately reduces recovery time. So, if somebody has got a serious illness or has had an injury, if you give immediate first aid, it can, obviously depending on what’s happened, it
can reduce the amount of time that the person spends in hospital and reduce the overall recovery time. It may also make the difference between somebody having
life-threatening injuries or life-changing injuries and being able to make a full recovery. So, I’ve certainly as a nurse seen many instances when
things have gone right and made a big difference to the positive and when
things have gone wrong or first aid hasn’t been given and people have, yeah, they’ve suffered as a result. So, we’ve covered saves lives, it reduces recovery time, it reduces the time spent in hospital, it can prevent medical situations and accidents deteriorating, so appropriate and immediate first aid can prevent a minor injury becoming a more major one and
it can actually reduce, so certainly in the instance of burns, for example, if you are
running a burn immediately under cool running water, you can reduce the amount of damage that has been done by that initial burn. You can actually reduce it just with cool running water. That’s pretty amazing. So, first aid is generally
pretty simple to do. It doesn’t cost in order
to give immediate first aid and it makes a massive difference. It can prevent unnecessary
visits to hospital. So, doing a first aid course can enable you to understand when something is seriously wrong and when you can treat it at home, so when you might need to refer the person onto more serious or more
highly qualified care, when they should be treated by their GP, when you can drive them to hospital, and when you need an ambulance. All important information to know and understand what you should be doing, what you shouldn’t be doing and how to do things properly and also if you were faced
with multiple injuries it would help you
understand and prioritise which you should be treating first or who you should be treating first. So, competent first aid can reduce the amount of pain
experienced by casualties both in your calm approach and your manner and the way you deal with casualties, and in understanding how
to move somebody in pain, who is in pain, how to
reposition something that is causing them pain to reduce the amount of pain and generally how to help them, so it can reduce their pain and also in reducing the severity
of the injury immediately, you can reduce the pain that way as well. So, as well as that, knowing what to do can improve the communication to the emergency services so that they can prioritise the care and they can get the help that the person who’s
injured needs quicker. So it can speed things up and again, that helps to save lives particularly in the more seriously injured because the more competently you’re able to communicate, and understand and show that you know what you’re talking about, the paramedics will be able to give appropriate or
allocate appropriate resources and make sure they get to
you as quickly as possible. It also, and this is really important, it increases the awareness of potential dangers and reduces your susceptibility and your family’s
susceptibility to accidents. For example, when we do our
teenage first aid courses, I’ve seen this with my children, when we’ve then gone on holiday, and they’re faced with the excitement of diving into water, they will always jump in first rather than how they would
have done perviously dived straight in. Likewise, if they’re going off on holidays together, they are that little bit more risk aware, they’re not totally invincible, accidents do happen and they are also far better empowered to look after each other. The same in preparation
for their Duke of Edinburgh and that side of things, they’re starting to be more individual, and more independent, and
giving them those skills and the ability to understand that things can go wrong
and know how to help is crucially important. First aid makes you feel
empowered whatever your age. Being able to help is a really lovely feeling. It’s good to be able to help, it’s good to be able to
help yourself as well and it’s nice and really important not to know, or not to be totally reliant
on the emergency services and know that you are only using them when you really need to and if everybody was
able to behave like that, there may be a few more of the
emergency services available for all of us when we need them. Sadly there are a lot of people that don’t understand how to
use the emergency services and they think calling
an ambulance gets them to the front of the queue. That is not the case. So, we should only be using
our emergency services when something is life threatening and we need them to come
and give treatment on site and also being able to
stabilise the casualty on their way to hospital. And finally and most importantly, it means that you are far
more self-sufficient as well. And you’re able to prepare in advance and be able to really help
and look after your family when they need you. I hope that’s been helpful. That’s Emma Hammett
from First Aid for life and onlinefirstaid.com.

Stepped on a Sea Urchin | Holiday First Aid

Stepped on a Sea Urchin | Holiday First Aid


– Hello, I’m Emma Hammett,
the founder and CEO of First Aid for Life
and onlinefirstaid.com. I’m on holiday at the moment. I’m in sunny Ljubljana, which
is absolutely beautiful. While we’ve been away
on the coastal areas, there have been a lot
of sea urchins around. And, something I’m asked
often is how should you deal with it if you happen
to tread on a sea urchin. First of all, sea urchins are sweet. You can hold them in your hand. They don’t look to hurt you. But, if you happen to tread on them, they are covered in sharp, sharp barbs, similar to a porcupine, except these barbs have got little arrows that
go the other way as well. So, if you happen to tread on one, not only do the barbs go into you, but they are much harder
to pull out again. So, if you get a barb or
anything within your skin, it’s prone to get infected. So, the important thing to do is if you tread on a sea
urchin, and you end up with some of those barbs embedded, or those spines embedded in your foot, or you put your hand on them
and they’re in your hand, what you need to do is
to get some tweezers and do your best to pull out the spines as quickly as you can, and to ensure you get all of the spine out. Because, the problem happens
if any of the residual bits are left inside your skin,
and then they become infected. Please don’t be tempted to probe around with a needle to try and dig bits out, because that will just
make things sore and messy. If you’ve got bits that are embedded, then the advice is to put them in as hot water as you can stand
without burning yourself, and then squeeze to see
if you can get them out. Other people suggest
doing things like vinegar, which apparently dissolves the spines. However, I’m a bit sceptical about that because the concentration
of vinegar you’d need to dissolve the spines
would be pretty hefty, and it would be a slow process. So, the general advice is hot water, as hot as you can manage,
and squeeze the spines out, being careful that you are
getting it all out as well. Other advice you might find online is for people to get as many of the spines as they can out with tweezers, and then to shave the area. I would, again, strongly
dissuade you from doing that because then you’re just removing any bits that you could potentially
grab with tweezers as they work themselves out. Most of the time the sea urchin spikes will work their way out,
and they won’t cause you any long term damage. But, if you do see any signs of infection, so, redness, swellingness,
you start to feel unwell or anything, you do need
to get medical help, and you may need antibiotics. I hope that’s been helpful. The key thing of all
is to prevent treading on the sea urchins’ spikes
in the first place anyway. And, wear thick-soled swimming shoes, and avoid any of those lovely, dark, fluffy looking bits
that are most definitely not fluffy under the sea. So, just be wary of
treading on sea urchins in the first place. Thank you very much, and I
hope you have a lovely holiday. That’s Emma Hammett
from First Aid for Life and onlinefirstaid.com.

How to Treat an Injured Bleeding Baby – First Aid Training – St John Ambulance

How to Treat an Injured Bleeding Baby – First Aid Training – St John Ambulance


As your baby crawls around your home or outside, they can very easily graze or cut themselves. Most of the time the injury will not be too bad, but sometimes there can be serious bleeding. If there is blood flowing from a wound and it doesn’t stop, your baby has severe bleeding. To treat a severe bleed, remove any clothing from the area your baby is bleeding from. If there’s something in the wound, leave it where it is and apply pressure around the wound to try to push the edges together. If there’s nothing in the wound, apply pressure directly to it with a sterile dressing or a clean, non-fluffy pad. Next you need to ask a helper to call 999 or 112 for emergency help. Or if there is no one around to help, use a mobile on speakerphone so you can keep treating your baby while you speak to the emergency services. Tell them where the bleeding is and the amount of bleeding. Apply a firm bandage around the dressing on top of the wound. It needs to maintain pressure, but not restrict the circulation. Check the circulation by pressing a fingernail on the skin around the bandage for five seconds, release the pressure and if the colour does not return within two seconds the bandage is too tight and you should loosen it. Severe bleeding can lead to shock, so make sure they are lying down on a blanket or rug to protect them from the cold and raise their legs, but don’t raise an injured leg. You could hold a small baby in the recovery position. If the blood soaks through the dressing, apply a second dressing on top of the first. If it soaks through both, remove both dressings and apply a new one. Keep checking circulation every 10 minutes. While you’re waiting for help to arrive, keep checking your baby’s breathing and level of response. So remember, if your baby has a severe bleed, apply pressure around the wound if there’s something stuck in it, or apply direct pressure to the wound if it’s clear. Call 999 or 112 for emergency help and tell them where the bleeding is and the amount. Secure the dressing and check circulation, if blood comes through apply a second dressing. But if blood comes through both, take them both off and start again. Check circulation every 10 minutes, keep checking your baby’s breathing and level of response while you wait for help. And that’s how you treat a baby who’s got a severe bleed. Thanks for watching. Help support St John Ambulance and donate today.

First Aid – Open The Airway: Child

First Aid – Open The Airway: Child


Opening the airway for a child. When you’re unconscious,
your muscles relax. Your tongue is a huge, great muscle attached to your bottom jaw. People talk about swallowing your tongue. You can’t swallow your tongue. But what they mean is
that the tongue relaxes and it ends up flopping down
and blocking your airway. The way to open someone’s airway is to tilt the head and lift the chin. It takes the back of the tongue off the back of the airway. Now, for an adult, you’d
go all the way back. For a child, you put one hand on the head, two fingers on the chin and you don’t have to go quite as far back. And that will be all that needs to happen to open the airway. So it may be that they
weren’t breathing before and when you open the
airway, they start breathing, which is great to know. The other problem that you have is that the sphincter that keeps the contents of your
stomach in your stomach relaxes and opens when you’re unconscious. So if you are lying on your back, the contents of your
stomach will trickle up and drip into your lungs. This is why the recovery
position is so important. Because if you’re in
the recovery position, the contents of your stomach
will then trickle out and they won’t end up
causing any problems.

How to Move an Injured Dog

How to Move an Injured Dog


If you suspect that your animal might have a spinal
injury, the important thing is to stop them twisting,
prevent them twisting. So you will need to
transport them to the vet’s and you would do that ideally
by supporting the head and neck, keeping the spine
in line, just trying very hard not to twist their spine as you go over and you can use a parcel shelf or a
blanket to very carefully put them into the recovery position
and lift them into the car so that you can take them to
the vet for veterinary care.